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Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3beta) is a fascinating enzyme with an astoundingly diverse number of actions in intracellular signaling systems. GSK3beta activity is regulated by serine (inhibitory) and tyrosine (stimulatory) phosphorylation, by protein complex formation, and by its intracellular localization. GSK3beta phosphorylates and thereby(More)
The regulatory influences of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3 beta) and lithium on the activity of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) were examined in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Activation of Akt (protein kinase B) with serum-increased phospho-serine-9-GSK3 beta (the inactive form of the enzyme), inhibited GSK3 beta activity,(More)
Comparisons of the activity of the G protein-mediated phosphoinositide signal transduction system and of G protein levels were made in two regions of frontal cortex from eight schizophrenic, alcohol-dependent, and control subjects. G protein-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis was measured by stimulating cortical membranes incubated with(More)
Activation of muscarinic receptors in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells with carbachol stimulated a rapid and large increase in early growth response-1 (Egr-1, also called zif268 and NGF1-A) protein levels and DNA binding activity. Egr-1 DNA binding activity was stimulated within 15 min of treatment with carbachol and maintained a maximum 20-fold increase(More)
Human cancer cells often produce tumors in animal models that incompletely reproduce the histology of the parental tumor. Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) cells, in particular, have not produced durable angiogenic lesions in animal models that resemble those of KS in humans. We investigated the contribution of transformed KS cells, vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
This study's goals were to more fully define the activation of protein tyrosine phosphorylation stimulated by muscarinic receptors, to test if this signaling process is affected by oxidative stress induced by H2O2, and to compare the effects of H2O2 on protein tyrosine phosphorylation activated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors. Experiments used(More)
Patients with the syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess and those who ingest licorice show markedly decreased 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-OHSD) and 5 beta-reductase activity; both are important for the deactivation of glucocorticoids and other steroid hormones. Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), present as its glycoside in licorice, is a(More)
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