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The in vitro activity of the novel triazole antifungal agent posaconazole (Noxafil; SCH 56592) was assessed in 45 laboratories against approximately 19,000 clinically important strains of yeasts and molds. The activity of posaconazole was compared with those of itraconazole, fluconazole, voriconazole, and amphotericin B against subsets of the isolates.(More)
Real-time quantitative PCR was used to measure expression levels of genes encoding efflux pumps, ERG11 and two control genes, ACT1 and PMA1, in a collection of 14 fluconazole-susceptible Candida albicans isolates. For each gene, average expression levels and variations within the population were determined. These values were then used as reference points to(More)
To better understand the molecular basis of posaconazole (POS) resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus, resistant laboratory isolates were selected. Spontaneous mutants arose at a frequency of 1 in 10(8) and fell into two susceptibility groups, moderately resistant and highly resistant. Azole resistance in A. fumigatus was previously associated with decreased(More)
Enterococcus faecium strain 9631355 was isolated from animal sources on the basis of its resistance to the growth promotant avilamycin. The strain also exhibited high-level resistance to evernimicin, a drug undergoing evaluation as a therapeutic agent in humans. Ribosomes from strain 9631355 exhibited a dramatic reduction in evernimicin binding, shown by(More)
Two large studies compared posaconazole and fluconazole or itraconazole for prophylaxis in subjects undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or subjects with acute myelogenous leukemia. To assess the impact of prophylaxis on colonization and the development of resistance in Saccharomyces yeasts, identification and susceptibility testing(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the molecular mechanisms responsible for reduced susceptibility to azoles in Candida albicans clinical isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seven sequential C. albicans isolates were cultured from an AIDS patient treated with posaconazole for refractory oropharyngeal candidiasis. Expression levels of the CDR1, CDR2 and MDR1 genes,(More)
Spontaneous mutants of susceptible clinical and laboratory isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae exhibiting reduced susceptibility to evernimicin (SCH27899; MIC, 0.5 to 4.0 mg/liter) were selected on plates containing evernimicin. Four isolates that did not harbor mutations in rplP (which encodes ribosomal protein L16) were further analyzed. Whole(More)
SCH 56592 (posaconazole), a new triazole antifungal agent, was tested in vitro, and its activity was compared to that of itraconazole against 39 Aspergillus strains and to that of fluconazole against 275 Candida and 9 Cryptococcus strains. The SCH 56592 MICs for Aspergillus ranged from </=0.002 to 0.5 microg/ml, and those of itraconazole ranged from(More)
The interaction of posaconazole and caspofungin was evaluated in concomitant treatment of Aspergillus fumigatus (two strains) or A. flavus (one strain) systemic infections in immunocompetent mice. Survival curves for mice treated with the combinations were compared statistically with those for mice treated with the component monotherapies. No antagonism was(More)
The echinocandins are a class of semisynthetic natural products that target β-1,3-glucan synthase (GS). Their proven clinical efficacy combined with minimal safety issues has made the echinocandins an important asset in the management of fungal infection in a variety of patient populations. However, the echinocandins are delivered only parenterally. A(More)