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BACKGROUND & AIMS Visceral hypersensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients has been documented by evaluation of perceived stimulations that can reflect abnormalities of both sensory neurocircuitry and cognitive processes. The presence of actual neurohypersensitivity in human beings has not been documented separately. Because subliminal(More)
BACKGROUND Tallimustine, a benzoyl nitrogen mustard derivative of the antiviral agent distamycin A, is a new alkylating agent which binds to A-T rich regions of DNA in the minor groove producing highly sequence-specific alkylations. Its main preclinical features are a significant antitumor activity in animal models and a lack of cross-resistance in vitro(More)
OBJECTIVES Frequency occurrence of nonacidic and nonliquid reflux events in the pharynx has not been systematically studied. The aim of the present study was to characterize the physical (liquid, gas, and mixed gas/liquid) and pH properties of the gastroesophagopharyngeal refluxate. METHODS We performed a total of 31 24-h simultaneous ambulatory(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Adequate sedation of the patient is required for diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The anesthetic propofol, with its shorter half-life, affording better control, offers an alternative to the benzodiazepine midazolam. The aim of this randomized, controlled, unblinded study was to(More)
Swallowing difficulty is a common complaint in the elderly and, although there are data for the biomechanics of liquid swallows, little is known about solid bolus motion, or kinematics, in the elderly. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to characterize and compare solid and liquid bolus kinematics in the elderly and compare the findings with those(More)
OBJECTIVES Injection of water into the pharynx induces contraction of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES), triggers the pharyngo-UES contractile reflex (PUCR), and at a higher volume, triggers an irrepressible swallow, the reflexive pharyngeal swallow (RPS). These aerodigestive reflexes have been proposed to reduce the risks of aspiration. Alcohol(More)
Eleven parathyroid cysts were found in 325 patients who underwent parathyroid operations. Ten cysts were located in the neck and one was located in the mediastinum. The cysts ranged in size from 1.6 to 10 cm with a mean of 3.9 cm. The patients who had cysts included six women and five men, and their ages ranged from 28 to 72 years with a mean of 51 years.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent studies have shown the existence of several reflex connections between the aerodigestive and upper gastrointestinal tracts. Our aim was to study the effect of laryngeal stimulation on upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressure and to determine the reproducibility of this effect. METHODS We studied 14 young and 10 elderly healthy(More)
To determine the optimal air stimulus intensity and duration for elicitation of the laryngo-upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contractile reflex, we studied 37 healthy volunteers 20 to 81 years of age. A sleeve device monitored the UES pressure. For laryngeal stimulation, we used an air stimulator unit (Pentax AP-4000) that incorporated a nasolaryngeal(More)