Candy Hofmann

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Eleven parathyroid cysts were found in 325 patients who underwent parathyroid operations. Ten cysts were located in the neck and one was located in the mediastinum. The cysts ranged in size from 1.6 to 10 cm with a mean of 3.9 cm. The patients who had cysts included six women and five men, and their ages ranged from 28 to 72 years with a mean of 51 years.(More)
OBJECTIVES Frequency occurrence of nonacidic and nonliquid reflux events in the pharynx has not been systematically studied. The aim of the present study was to characterize the physical (liquid, gas, and mixed gas/liquid) and pH properties of the gastroesophagopharyngeal refluxate. METHODS We performed a total of 31 24-h simultaneous ambulatory(More)
Although symptoms arising from the esophagus such as heartburn and pain can at times become challenging clinical problems, esophageal viscerosensation, especially with regard to chemical stimulation in humans, is incompletely understood. Our aims were 1) to characterize and ascertain the reproducibility of cerebral cortical registration of heartburn and 2)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Visceral hypersensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients has been documented by evaluation of perceived stimulations that can reflect abnormalities of both sensory neurocircuitry and cognitive processes. The presence of actual neurohypersensitivity in human beings has not been documented separately. Because subliminal(More)
Subtotal parathyroidectomy was performed in a consecutive series of 292 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. We evaluated the long-term postoperative results during a period of 16 years. Patients ranged in age from 14 to 83 years and included 176 women and 116 men. Of these, 16% had a history of exposure to radiation in childhood or adolescence, while(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Adequate sedation of the patient is required for diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The anesthetic propofol, with its shorter half-life, affording better control, offers an alternative to the benzodiazepine midazolam. The aim of this randomized, controlled, unblinded study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Tallimustine, a benzoyl nitrogen mustard derivative of the antiviral agent distamycin A, is a new alkylating agent which binds to A-T rich regions of DNA in the minor groove producing highly sequence-specific alkylations. Its main preclinical features are a significant antitumor activity in animal models and a lack of cross-resistance in vitro(More)
Although thyroid disease in humans predominates in females, the prognosis of thyroid cancer in males is much less favorable. To further explore the role of male sex hormones, we utilized the experimental model of radiation-induced follicular cancer in the rat, studying the effects of castration on tumor development. Microscopic evidence of tumor formation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Airways are most vulnerable to aspiration during sleep. Esophago-upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contractile reflex (EUCR) and secondary peristalsis (2P) have been proposed to protect the airway by reflexively contracting the UES and clearing the esophagus of refluxate, respectively. Our aim was to study EUCR and 2P elicitation in "awake"(More)