Candida Graham

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Even though individuals with psychiatric conditions have a prevalence of smoking approximately 2-4 times greater than the general population, surprisingly little evidence exists to inform an assessment of the full range of tobacco-related mortality in such populations. The current study aims to provide mortality estimates for conditions causally related to(More)
Treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients from around the United Kingdom who employed computer-guided self-help by using BTSteps over 17 weeks were randomized to have brief live phone support from a clinician either (1) in nine Scheduled clinician-initiated calls or (2) only in calls Requested by the patient (n=22 per condition). Call(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate the short Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS15) as a screening instrument and determine the optimal cutpoint for detecting depression among older people living in the community. DESIGN Two stage study with the first stage consisting of a health check of people aged 75 years and over by a practice nurse which included the GDS15. A(More)
OBJECTIVE The main hypothesis was that carers of dementia sufferers who have a higher level of knowledge on the subject of dementia have lower rates of physical and psychological morbidity. We also wanted to examine whether a carer's level of knowledge bears any relation to their attributional style and coping mechanisms. DESIGN Informal carers, caring(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors wished to determine how much carers from different settings caring for patients with dementia knew about the disorder and elicit their main concerns about the disease. DESIGN A survey questionnaire was administered to 136 carers. SETTING Two old age psychiatric services and an Alzheimer's support group in urban areas of the UK. (More)
Ethnic differences in rates of dementia nationally, within multiethnic communities, and internationally have important repercussions. The question "Do ethnic differences exist in rates of dementia?" is a crucial one that has implications for service delivery and also offers opportunities for future research on possible etiological factors. Epidemiological(More)
A cross-sectional survey of the social functioning of community dwelling older adults was undertaken. Older adults with no psychiatric morbidity, depressed older adults and older adults with schizophrenia were surveyed to see if there were differences in the level of social functioning of the three groups. The setting was two old age psychiatric services,(More)
BACKGROUND Psychotic symptoms in dementia have been considered as a single category which may have masked important associations. An exploratory analysis was undertaken to look separately at delusions, visual hallucinations and delusional misidentification. METHOD Psychotic symptoms were assessed with the Burns' Symptom Checklist in 124 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the associations of depression in the carers of dementia sufferers, diagnosed on the basis of a semistructured interview. DESIGN Case control study. SETTING Referrals to clinical services. SUBJECTS The informal carers of 109 dementia sufferers, 32 with depression and 77 without. MEASURES Carers were interviewed using the(More)
One hundred and nine of 125 patients from consecutive referrals to a clinical service had an informal carer in contact at least once a week. Thirty-two of the carers had major or minor depression. The active management strategy 'being firm in directing behaviour' was significantly inversely associated with depression amongst carers living with the dementia(More)