Candice F. Toombs

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Platelets are small disc-shaped cell fragments which undergo a rapid transformation when they encounter vascular damage. They become more spherical and extrude pseudopodia, their fibrinogen receptors are activated, causing them to aggregate, they release their granule contents, and eventually form a plug which is responsible for primary haemostasis.(More)
Morphological male sex determination is dependent on migration of endothelial and preperitubular cells from the adjacent mesonephros into the developing testis. Our hypothesis is that VEGFA and its receptor KDR are necessary for both testicular cord formation and neovascularization. The Vegfa gene has 8 exons with many splice variants. Vegfa120, Vegfa164,(More)
BACKGROUND Placental transfer of nutrients and secretion of hormones is essential for normal fetal development. AIM OF THE STUDY To determine whether biotin supply affects biotin homeostasis, proliferation rates, and progesterone secretion in placenta cells. METHODS JAr choriocarcinoma cells were cultured in media containing deficient (25 pmol/L),(More)
Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) is a member of the PP fold family of regulatory peptides. Studies have shown that neuropeptide Y, peptide YY, and PP increased gastrointestinal motility. The GI effects of neuropeptide Y and peptide YY were accompanied by an increase in mean arterial blood pressure; however, PP decreased mean arterial blood pressure. Cloning of a(More)
Hyperresponsiveness of airway smooth muscle to allergens and environmental factors has long been associated with the pathophysiology of asthma. Tryptase, a serine protease of lung mast cells, has been implicated as one of the mediators involved in the induction of hyperresponsiveness. As a consequence, tryptase inhibitors have become the subject of study as(More)
The consequences of long-term in vivo expression of human c-mpl ligand in a mouse model were examined. Transgenic mice expressing the human full-length cDNA in the liver exhibited a fourfold increase in circulating platelet count that persisted stably over the life of the animals. Transgenic animals thrived and appeared healthy for at least 500 days.(More)
Alfimeprase is a recombinantly produced, truncated form of fibrolase, a known directly fibrinolytic zinc metalloproteinase that was first isolated from the venom of the southern copperhead snake (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix). Both fibrolase and alfimeprase have been shown to have direct proteolytic activity against the fibrinogen Aalpha chain. In vivo(More)
Megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) is a novel cytokine which promotes the development of immature megakaryocytes into platelets. We tested the hypothesis that MGDF would alter the sensitivity of platelets to aggregating agents as assessed by in-vitro platelet aggregometry. Platelet aggregation in the presence or absence of MGDF was tested(More)
Although current thrombolytic agents have proven their clinical benefit, the failure to rapidly reperfuse some patients and the persistent bleeding risk represent areas for improvement in therapy. In the past two years, the field has been advanced by the regulatory approval of agents with greater ease of administration, continued development of new agents(More)