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The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical results and the complication rates of a new generation of two intramedullary fixation devices: Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation® (PFNA) and Gamma3®. We conducted a prospective randomised multicentre trial of 61 patients who underwent a PFNA fixation treatment (31 patients) or a Gamma3 nail (30(More)
There is a well-known tendency to delay and prolong our sleep during weekends (Saturday and Sunday), with an advance and reduction of sleep during workdays (Monday to Friday). The objective of this work was to determine if the changes of sleep during weekends are produced by a partial sleep deprivation or a lack of entraining of circadian rhythms to an(More)
In this study, we developed a quantitative method with digital image analysis to evaluate the degree of gingival overgrowth (GO), and compared GO in kidney transplant patients treated with cyclosporin A (CsA) (n = 21) or CsA+nifedipine (n = 8) and a group of healthy controls (n = 30). The method was reproducible and reliable. Our findings showed significant(More)
Interstitial fibrosis and morphologic changes in kidney glomeruli, the structural effects of many diseases, lead to significant pathologic alterations. A reliable and objective method to accurately quantify the extent of interstitial fibrosis and the degree of alteration in glomerular morphology is needed for both clinical practice and experimental work.(More)
In the kidney, aging is characterized by the development of structural changes, including glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is known to play a critical role in the genesis of these alterations in pathologic conditions. The present experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that TGF-beta1 may be(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expels hydrophobic substances from the cell, including chemotherapeutic agents and immunosuppressants such as cyclosporin A (CsA) and FK506. Exposure of cultured renal tubular cells to CsA induces P-gp overexpression in cell membranes. Angiotensin II has recently been implicated as the principal factor responsible for progression of(More)
Endothelin 1 (Et1) is widely expressed in the kidney and is related to several functions and to pathological conditions with progression towards sclerosis. The function of endothelin 3 (Et3) at the renal level is debatable, but it could have an important regulatory function in the reabsorption of water through its action on tubular type B receptors.(More)
Human performance is modulated by circadian rhythms and homeostatic changes. Changes in efficiency in the performance of many tasks might be produced by variation in a basic cognitive process, such as sustained attention. This cognitive process is the capacity to respond efficiently to the environment during prolonged periods (from minutes to hours). There(More)
This is a rare case of a patient with type 1 multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN-1) syndrome. The case is further unusual in that the glucagonoma debuted with two synchronic pancreatic masses at the time of diagnosis and with pulmonary metastases as the primary site of metastasis and not the more usual site of the liver.
Sleep reduction impairs the performance of many tasks, so it may affect a basic cognitive process, such as working memory, crucial for the execution of a broad range of activities. Working memory has two storage components: a phonological and a visuospatial component. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of sleep reduction for 5 days on(More)