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Warfarin has a narrow therapeutic index and displays marked person-to-person variation in dose requirement. Functional polymorphisms at candidate genes can therefore offer utility as biomarkers to individualize warfarin treatment. The main objective of this study was to determine whether and to what extent variability in warfarin dose requirements was(More)
We report experimental evidence that BRCA1, a breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, is up-regulated in response to prolactin (PRL) stimulation. Expression of the BRCA1 gene was monitored in 2 human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and T-47D) and in the normal mammary epithelial cell line MCF10a. Using competitive RT-PCR, we have shown that PRL(More)
To elucidate the cellular role of BRCA2 in sporadic breast tumors, we studied the cellular localization and the expression of BRCA2 in carcinomas presenting or not allelic loss of BRCA2. The breast tumors were first classified with or without allelic loss of BRCA2 and then immunohistochemical staining was performed on tumors and matched normal tissues using(More)
A new procedure for the isolation, purification and quantification of the product of the oncosuppressor gene brca1 in breast tissues, was carried out. It involves internal cell protein [35S]methionine labelling followed by two perfusion chromatographies. The first one is heparin affinity chromatography, to purify all of the cell DNA-binding proteins. A(More)
We characterized the expression of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in 38 sporadic colorectal carcinomas and matched normal mucosas with 9 anti-BRCA1 antibodies and 4 anti-BRCA2 antibodies, raised against several different epitopes, using immunohistochemical technique. We demonstrated an increased BRCA1 and BRCA2 staining in the apical cell pole of epithelial malignant(More)
To evaluate the 5' spliced form of human cathepsin B mRNA in colorectal mucosa and tumors, we have determined the ratio of the spliced form for the exon 2/the complete form of cathepsin B mRNAs obtained by RT-PCR. Such ratio is significantly higher in colorectal tumors than in colorectal mucosa (p < 0.05, Kruskal-Wallis test) or in skeletal muscle (p <(More)
BRCA1 is a familial breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene and encodes proteins that function as tumor suppressors in human breast cancer cells. To elucidate the biological function of BRCA1, knowledge of cellular localization is needed. This can be achieved by using specific antibodies, so in a first step, we characterized by Western blot analysis(More)
The localization of BRCA1 protein was studied in 49 sporadic breast carcinomas for which allelic losses of BRCA1 have been investigated. One group consisted of 15 breast carcinomas having one allelic loss of BRCA1 and the other group of 34 breast carcinomas with no allelic loss of BRCA1. The localization of BRCA1 in the 2 groups was performed using(More)
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