Eberhard Weihe7
Martin K-H Schäfer6
Oscar Arias-Carrión4
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Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) is genetically linked to schizophrenia, a disease caused by neurodevelopmental imbalance in dopaminergic function. The Nrg1 receptor ErbB4 is abundantly expressed on midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Nrg1 has been shown to penetrate blood-brain barrier, and peripherally administered Nrg1 activates ErbB4 and leads to a persistent(More)
The mechanisms leading to degeneration of dopaminergic neurons (DNs) in the substantia nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) are not completely understood. Here, we show, in the postmortem human tissue, that these neurons aberrantly express mitosis-associated proteins, including the E2F-1 transcription factor, and appear to duplicate their nuclear(More)
Activation of the complement system promotes the removal of pathogens and tissue damage products from the brain and may also be involved in neuronal cell death in neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we analyzed the expression of C1q, the initial recognition subcomponent of the classic complement cascade, in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) in(More)
  • Kirsten Ridder, Sascha Keller, Maria Dams, Anne-Kathleen Rupp, Jessica Schlaudraff, Domenico Del Turco +12 others
  • 2014
Mechanisms behind how the immune system signals to the brain in response to systemic inflammation are not fully understood. Transgenic mice expressing Cre recombinase specifically in the hematopoietic lineage in a Cre reporter background display recombination and marker gene expression in Purkinje neurons. Here we show that reportergene expression in(More)
Here we analyzed C1q, the initial recognition subcomponent of classical complement activation cascade, in an experimental model of Parkinson disease (PD). Nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway injury was induced by treatment of wildtype mice subchronically with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Constitutive expression of C1q was restricted(More)
1. We investigate here for the first time in primate brain the combinatorial expression of the three major functionally relevant proteins for catecholaminergic neurotransmission tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), aromatic acid acid decarboxylase (AADC), and the brain-specific isoform of the vesicular monoamine transporter, VMAT2, using highly specific antibodies(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) belongs to a large family of growth and differentiation factors with a key role in the development and maintenance of the brain. Genetic association of NRG1 within brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and neuroprotective properties of certain NRG1 isoforms have led to a variety of studies in corresponding disease(More)
  • Carmen Noelker, Lydie Morel, Thomas Lescot, Anke Osterloh, Daniel Alvarez-Fischer, Minka Breloer +9 others
  • 2013
In mammalians, toll-like receptors (TLR) signal-transduction pathways induce the expression of a variety of immune-response genes, including inflammatory cytokines. It is therefore plausible to assume that TLRs are mediators in glial cells triggering the release of cytokines that ultimately kill DA neurons in the substantia nigra in Parkinson disease (PD).(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that systemically injected extracellular domain of neuregulin-1β1 (Nrg1β1), a nerve growth and differentiation factor, passes the blood-brain barrier and rescues dopaminergic neurons of substantia nigra in the 6-hydroxydopamine-mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we studied the effects of peripherally administered(More)
A previous clinical trial studied the effect of long-term treatment with levodopa (LD) or the dopamine agonist pramipexole (PPX) on disease progression in Parkinson disease using SPECT with the dopamine transporter (DAT)-radioligand [(123)I]β-CIT as surrogate marker. [(123)I]β-CIT binding declined to significantly lower levels in patients receiving LD(More)