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Salivary cortisol represents a simple, noninvasive, stress-free measure that can greatly facilitate the longitudinal study of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in patients with psychiatric disorders. By means of a slight modification of a commercially available radioimmunoassay kit, we studied the stability of salivary cortisol under different(More)
Decreased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), somatostatinlike immunoreactivity (SLI) and alterations in the CSF monamine metabolites 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylglycol (MHPG), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and homovanillic acid (HVA) have been reported in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) and in patients with major depression. In this study,(More)
We present a measurement of the time-dependent CP-violating (CPV) asymmetries in B0-->K(0)(S)pi(0) decays based on 124x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC. In a sample containing 122+/-16 signal decays, we obtain the magnitudes of the direct CPV asymmetry(More)
Primary cultures of neonatal rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were used to examine the mechanisms underlying both the direct activation and the sensitization of sensory neurons by prostanoids. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) elevated cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a subpopulation of small (< 19 microm) diameter, capsaicin-sensitive DRG neurons.(More)
BACKGROUND A number of investigators have reported finding elevated basal and stimulated intracellular calcium levels in the platelets or lymphocytes of bipolar disorder patients. METHODS Intracellular calcium was measured by a micro fura-2 fluorometric method in the platelets and lymphocytes of 30 affective disorder patients and 14 control subjects. (More)
Children with low aerobic fitness have altered brain function compared to higher-fit children. This study examined the effect of an 8-month exercise intervention on resting state synchrony. Twenty-two sedentary, overweight (body mass index ≥85th percentile) children 8-11 years old were randomly assigned to one of two after-school programs: aerobic exercise(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with depression, treatment with nimodipine has been shown to increase cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) somatostatin (SRIF) and ameliorate baseline global cerebral hypometabolism. This study was conducted to assess whether a low baseline level of CSF SRIF was associated with response to nimodipine treatment. METHODS Twenty-one depressed(More)
1. Somatostatin is a peptide that is widely and discretely distributed throughout the central nervous system. 2. Its relevance to neuropsychiatric disorders is suggested both by the existence of disease-related alterations in somatostatin content in brain and cerebrospinal fluid as well as by the manifold neuroregulatory capabilities of somatostatin and(More)
VCAM-1, a leukocyte adhesion molecule expressed by cytokine-activated endothelial cells in culture, may mediate mononuclear leukocyte infiltration in vessels and interstitium in solid organ allograft rejection. Using the avidin-biotin immunoperoxidase technique and an affinity-purified rabbit polyclonal antisera to recombinant human VCAM (rVCAM Ab) which(More)
We present an updated measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B decays with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. This result uses an additional sample of Upsilon(4S) decays collected in 2001, bringing the data available to 32 x 10(6) BB macro pairs. We select events in which one neutral B meson is fully(More)