Candace Howes

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This article summarizes what is known about the cost and quality of full-time child care in centers and family child care homes, and about parents' attention to quality in making child care choices. It relies primarily upon two recent studies which are among the first to collect detailed information about child care operating costs: the Cost, Quality, and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of wages and benefits (relative to other jobs available to workers), controlling for personal characteristics, on the recruitment and retention of providers working in a consumer-directed home care program. DESIGN AND METHODS I used the results of focus groups to design a survey that was(More)
This study records the impact on workforce retention of the nearly doubling of wages for homecare workers in San Francisco County over a 52-month period. Using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis I find that the annual retention rate of new providers rose from 39 percent to 74 percent following significant wage and benefit increases and(More)
This paper describes the long-term care system in the United States – what longterm care is, who needs it, in what settings it is provided, and who pays for it. It shows that a substantial portion of the people who need long-term care rely on unpaid care from family and friends, mainly women. It shows that almost half of people who receive paid care,(More)
*Candace Howes is the Hogate‐Ferrin’43 Professor of Economics at Connecticut College. She recently conducted a study of the home‐care workforce that was funded over a two year period by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Atlantic Philanthropies. Results of that study have appeared in Industrial Relations, The State of California Labor, and The(More)
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