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Frog endplates were studied with the scanning electron microscope following the removal of the presynaptic terminal by collagenase and acid treatments. Endplates had 2-14 branches of primary cleft. The longest branches were parallel to the muscle fiber. Short branches oblique or perpendicular to the muscle fiber were also present near the central region of(More)
Myoblasts from immunocompatible donors have been transplanted into the muscles (tibialis anterior, biceps brachii, and/or extensor carpi radialis longus) of 4 Duchenne patients in the advanced stages of the disease. Although no immunosuppressive treatment was used, none of the patients showed any clinical signs of rejection such as fever, redness, and(More)
The structure of the end-plate regions of normal and dystrophic 3-month-old mice were studied by scanning electron microscopy after the presynaptic terminals were removed by hydrochloric acid treatment. Quantitative analysis revealed that the end-plate area correlated positively with the muscle fiber diameter in both the normal and dystrophic animals.(More)
Human myoblasts were transplanted in nude mice. The efficacy of these transplantations was analyzed using a monoclonal antibody (NCLDys3) specific for human dystrophin. This antibody did not reveal any dystrophin in nude mice that did not receive a human myoblast transplantation. However, about 30 days after a human myoblast transplantation,(More)
Mdx mouse dystrophy is characterized by the absence in the muscle cytoplasmic membrane of a high molecular weight protein called dystrophin. A possible avenue for treatment of muscular dystrophies is to inject normal myoblasts in a dystrophic muscle to form hybrid muscle fibers. Hybrid myotubes were formed in vitro by the fusion of normal rat and dystrophic(More)
A potential treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is injection of normal myoblasts into dystrophic muscles to induce formation of muscle fibers. To develop this therapy it is important to identify the injected myoblasts and the muscle fibers that they form in the host muscles. Fluorescent latex microspheres (FLMs) were used for this purpose in(More)