Can-Xin Xu

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BACKGROUND Numerous man-made pollutants activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. AhR signaling also affects molecular clock genes to influence glucose metabolism. OBJECTIVE We investigated mechanisms by which AhR activation affects glucose metabolism. METHODS Glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Epidemics of obesity and diabetes are escalating. High-calorie/high-fat food is a major cause for these global health issues, but molecular mechanisms underlying high-fat, diet-induced obesity are still not well understood. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor that acts as a xenobiotic sensor, mediates(More)
Beta-naphthoflavone (BNF, DB06732) is an agonist of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and a putative chemotherapeutic agent that has antitumor activity against mammary carcinomas in vivo. However, the mechanism by which BNF exerts this antitumor effect remains unclear. Thus, we explored mechanisms of BNF's antitumor effects in human breast cancer cells. This(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a period-aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear transporter-simple minded domain transcription factor that shares structural similarity with circadian clock genes and readily interacts with components of the molecular clock. Activation of AhR by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) alters behavioral circadian rhythms(More)
Light-stimulated adjustment of the circadian clock is an important adaptive physiological response that allows maintenance of behavioral synchrony with solar time. Our previous studies indicate that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin attenuates light-induced phase resetting in early night. However, the mechanism(More)
Recent studies have established that hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are quiescent in homeostatic conditions but undergo extensive cell cycle and expansion upon bone marrow (BM) transplantation or hematopoietic injury. The molecular basis for HSC activation and expansion is not completely understood. In this study, we found that key developmentally critical(More)
The rotation of the earth on its axis creates the environment of a 24 h solar day, which organisms on earth have used to their evolutionary advantage by integrating this timing information into their genetic make-up in the form of a circadian clock. This intrinsic molecular clock is pivotal for maintenance of synchronized homeostasis between the individual(More)
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