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We have previously shown that remote ischemic preconditioning by limb ischemia (rIPC) or intra-arterial adenosine releases a dialyzable cardioprotective circulating factor(s), the release of which requires an intact neural connection to the limb and is blocked by pretreatment with S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP). Remote cardioprotection can be(More)
Remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) induced by cycles of transient limb ischemia and reperfusion is a powerful cardioprotective strategy with additional pleiotropic effects. However, our understanding of its underlying mediators and mechanisms remains incomplete. We examined the role of miR-144 in the cardioprotection induced by rIPC. Microarray studies(More)
There are few cases of prostatic schistosomiasis. Here we report a case of Schistosoma japonicum of the prostate, in which the immunophenotyping of individual glandular tubes was atypical. Whether the S. japonicum infection contributed to the lesion or not is unknown. We suspect the lesion was a sign of early precancerous hyperplasia. Follow-up of this(More)
Remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) induced by transient limb ischemia (li-rIPC) leads to neurally dependent release of blood-borne factors that provide potent cardioprotection. We hypothesized that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a clinically relevant stimulus of rIPC. Study 1: seven rabbits were subjected to lower limb TENS; six(More)
The physiological and pathological roles of dopamine D2 receptors (DR2) in the regulation of cardiovacular functions have been recognized. DR2 activation protects hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocyte injury and apoptosis, and ischemic post-conditioning (PC) plays a critical role in cardioprotection as well; however the involvement of the DR2(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with a high mortality rate, which is attributed to the effects of myocyte loss that occurs as a result of ischemia-induced cell death. Very few therapies can effectively prevent or delay the effects of ischemia. Polyamines (PAs) are polycations required for cell growth and division, and their use may prevent cell(More)
Previous studies have shown that electroacupuncture (EA) can induce cardioprotection against ischemia–reperfusion (IR) injury, but its mechanisms are incompletely understood. We have previously shown that several other forms of remote preconditioning of the heart work, at least in part, via the release of circulating cardioprotective factors into the(More)
FER tyrosine kinase (FER) has been demonstrated to play a critical role in tumorigenesis and metastasis; however, its potential value as a novel prognostic marker for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remains unclear. In 48 paired samples of ccRCCs and normal adjacent tissues (ADTs), real-time PCR was used to evaluate the expression of FER mRNA. The(More)
The physiological and pathological roles of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the regulation of cardiovascular functions have been recognized. Cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) is a major H2S-producing enzyme in cardiovascular system. Ischemic post-conditioning (PC) provides cadioprotection in young hearts but lost in the aging hearts. The involvement of H2S in the(More)
BACKGROUND TGF-β-activated kinase-1 (TAK1) has been found to be over-expressed in a variety of solid malignancies and related to tumor growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression level of TAK1 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and assess its value as a novel prognostic marker. METHODS TAK1 mRNA was assessed in 51 paired ccRCC(More)