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The specific aim of this paper is to review the effects of epimuscular myofascial force transmission on muscular mechanics and present some new results on finite element modeling of non-isolated aponeurotomized muscle in order to discuss the dependency of mechanics of spastic muscle, as well as surgery for restoration of function on such force transmission.(More)
The specific purpose of the present study was to show that extramuscular myofascial force transmission exclusively has substantial effects on muscular mechanics. Muscle forces exerted at proximal and distal tendons of the rat extensor digitorium longus (EDL) were measured simultaneously, in two conditions (1) with intact extramuscular connections (2) after(More)
Certain recent studies showed that extra-muscular myofascial force transmission affects the length-force characteristics of rat extensor digitorium longus (EDL) muscle significantly after distal or proximal lengthening. This suggested that the relative position of a muscle with respect to its surrounding connective tissues is a co-determinant of muscle(More)
In previous applications of the finite element method in modeling mechanical behavior of skeletal muscle, the passive and active properties of muscle tissue were lumped in one finite element. Although this approach yields increased understanding of effects of force transmission, it does not support an assessment of the interaction between the intracellular(More)
The effects of inter- and extramuscular myofascial force transmission on muscle length force characteristics were studied in rat. Connective tissues at the bellies of the experimental synergistic muscles of the anterior crural compartment were left intact. Extensor digitorium longus (EDL) muscle was lengthened distally whereas tibialis anterior (TA) and(More)
BACKGROUND Myofascial force transmission occurs between muscles (intermuscular myofascial force transmission) and from muscles to surrounding nonmuscular structures such as neurovascular tracts and bone (extramuscular myofascial force transmission). The purpose was to investigate the mechanical role of the epimuscular connections (the integral system of(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine the thus far unstudied effects of back loading on the kinematics and kinetics of sit-to-stand (STS) motion in healthy children. Fifteen children (8 boys, 7 girls, mean age 9.6 years, SD 1.2 years) were tested with no back load and with a back load of 10% and 20% of body weight, respectively. A motion analysis(More)
PURPOSE Mechanical interactions between muscles have been shown for in situ conditions. In vivo data for humans is unavailable. Global and local length changes of calf muscles were studied to test the hypothesis that local strains may occur also within muscle for which global strain equals zero. METHODS For determination of globally induced strain in m.(More)
Evidence on epimuscular myofascial force transmission (EMFT) was shown for undissected muscle in situ. We hypothesize that global length changes of gastrocnemius muscle-tendon complex in vivo will cause sizable and heterogeneous local strains within all muscles of the human lower leg. Our goal is to test this hypothesis. A method was developed and validated(More)
INTRODUCTION We tested the hypothesis that BTX-A diminishes epimuscular myofascial force transmission (EMFT) within an intact muscle compartment. METHODS The tibialis anterior (TA) and extensor hallucis longus (EHL) muscles were kept at constant length, whereas the position of the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle was changed exclusively. Two groups(More)