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BACKGROUND The prevalences and correlates of non-viral injecting-related injuries and diseases (IRIDs) in Australian injecting drug users (IDUs) remain unknown. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of IDUs was conducted in six sites across Australia's eastern states to investigate IRID experience among Australian IDU. Correlates of IRIDs were explored using(More)
OBJECTIVE To carry out a randomised controlled trial on the effect of a new method of health promotion-email and mobile phone text messages (short messaging service (SMS))-on young people's sexual health. METHODS 994 people aged 16-29 were recruited at a music festival to a non-blinded randomised controlled trial. Participants were randomised to either(More)
Short messaging service (SMS) (a.k.a. text messaging) is a fast, low cost and popular mode of communication among young people, and these advantages can be used in a variety of ways in the field of sexual health. This paper reviews the current published and grey literature and discusses applications of SMS in sexual health and the evidence base for their(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to measure the overlap between the social networks of injection drug users (IDUs) and the patterns of related hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among IDUs. METHODS A cohort of 199 IDUs (138 of whom were HCV RNA positive) was recruited from a local drug scene in Melbourne, Australia, and was studied using social network analysis and(More)
DNA isolated from biopsies of endemic Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) from New Guinea was analysed for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) sequences using the polymerase chain reaction. Primers were designed to amplify sequences within the Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA) 1 and 2 genes. These analyses detected the EBNA1 sequence in all the biopsies(More)
Multiple genotypes of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) were detected in five of 138 HCV RNA positive injecting drug users (IDUs) recruited in Melbourne, Australia. Two were detected by combined LiPA and core and NS5a region sequencing, and three more (selected for testing due to their high-risk behaviour) by heteroduplex mobility analysis. We conclude that the(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the response rate achieved in a survey of medical practitioners and discuss the reasons for it. METHOD An on-line (internet-based) survey of all 609 registered pharmacotherapy prescribers in Victoria and Queensland; invitations to participate were sent by mail in late April 2007, and one reminder letter in late May 2007. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Diaries are used in sexual behaviour research to reduce recall bias. Diary collection via mobile phone text messaging (SMS) has not been trialled previously in sexual behaviour research. This randomised controlled trial compared SMS, paper and online diaries on response rate, timeliness, completeness of data and acceptability. The correlation(More)
Young people's sexual behaviour is influenced by their perceptions of peer norms. In this survey of 445 people aged 16 to 29 years, 69% of participants believed they had fewer lifetime sexual partners than average. The mean number of actual lifetime partners reported was 5.5 and the mean perceived 'average' partners for peers was 6.6 (P < 0.01). When broken(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess changes in risk behaviours for transmission of bloodborne viruses and incidences and prevalences of these viruses in a field-recruited cohort of injecting drug users. DESIGN Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING Metropolitan and rural Victoria, June 1990 to December 1995. SUBJECTS 626 current injecting drug users (i.e.,(More)