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Extensive surgical resection of supratentorial gliomas increases survival. However, some reports suggest that the perioperative morbidity and mortality outweigh the potential benefit of the procedure. We examined prospectively morbidity and mortality in 104 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for supratentorial glioma, as well as other factors that(More)
Between 1980 and 1984, of 107 patients receiving 16 mg/d of dexamethasone for spinal cord compression, three (2.8%) developed gastrointestinal (GI) perforation and two (1.9%) GI bleeding; of 226 being tapered from 100 mg/d of dexamethasone, perforation occurred in six (2.7%) and GI bleeding in eight (3.5%). Of 125 patients with GI perforations treated(More)
BACKGROUND Somatostatin receptors, especially the sst2A subtype, are present on most meningiomas. The addition of somatostatin inhibits meningioma growth in vitro in some studies. There have been anecdotal reports of octreotide inhibiting growth in meningiomas. OBJECTIVES A prospective pilot trial of sustained-release somatostatin (Sandostatin LAR) in 16(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) offers a non-ablative alternative to thalamotomy for the surgical treatment of medically refractory tremor in multiple sclerosis. However, relatively few outcomes have been reported. OBJECTIVE To provide a systematic review of the published cases of DBS use in multiple sclerosis and to present four additional(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) show changes in brain activation patterns during visual and motor tasks that include decreases in the typical local network for a function and increases in other brain regions. OBJECTIVE To determine whether brain activation patterns associated with working memory are affected by MS. METHODS Activation of(More)
Pituitary carcinoma is a rare tumor characterized by poor responsiveness to therapy, leading to early death. Reported responses to standard chemotherapy have only been anecdotal, with no single agent or combination demonstrating consistent efficacy in the treatment of patients with this disease. The authors report rare examples of a persistent response to(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ) has recently been recommended as a novel approach in the management of aggressive pituitary tumors. Herein, we present the case of a 43-year-old man with a 20-year history of silent subtype 2 pituitary corticotroph adenoma. Nine surgical resections and radiotherapy had failed to provide a cure. Morphological evaluation of the tumor(More)
The patient was a 70-year-old man with a recurrent pituitary tumor. Three surgeries were performed but the tumor recurred. Based on histologic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies, the diagnosis of oncocytic gonadotrophic pituitary adenoma was made. The tumor was a macroadenoma partly immunopositive for LH. Immunohistochemistry for O6(More)
PURPOSE Therapy for high-grade gliomas remains unsatisfactory. Paclitaxel and topotecan have separately demonstrated activity against gliomas. We conducted a Phase II trial of these agents in combination with filgrastim (G-CSF) in patients with recurrent or refractory glioblastoma multiforme or anaplastic astrocytoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Adult patients(More)
Neuroinflammation through the cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We conducted a preliminary phase II trial of thalidomide, which reduces levels of TNF-alpha pre-transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally in vivo and has been shown to prolong(More)