Camillo Mancini

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Although osteolysis is a common complication in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), the biologic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of MM-induced bone disease are poorly understood. Two factors produced by stromal-osteoblastic cells seem critical to the regulation of bone resorption: osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligand (OPGL). OPGL stimulates(More)
The high-yield expression of a neutralizing epitope from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) on the surface of a plant virus and its immunogenicity are presented. The highly conserved ELDKWA epitope from glycoprotein (gp) 41 was expressed as an N-terminal translational fusion with the potato virus X (PVX) coat protein. The resulting chimeric virus(More)
Despite the well-known crucial role of intradomain disulfide bridges for immunoglobulin folding and stability, the single-chain variable fragment of the anti-viral antibody F8 is functionally expressed when targeted to the reducing environment of the plant cytoplasm. We show here that this antibody fragment is also functionally expressed in the cytoplasm of(More)
B-MYB is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor involved in the regulation of cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation. In an attempt to isolate B-MYB-regulated genes that may explain the role of B-MYB in cellular processes, representational difference analysis was performed in neuroblastoma cell lines with different levels of B-MYB(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the relevance of Slug (SNAI2) for apoptosis resistance and invasion potential of neuroblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We evaluated the effect of imatinib mesylate on invasion and analyzed the genes modulated by imatinib mesylate treatment in neuroblastoma cells. Slug expression, inhibited by imatinib mesylate(More)
Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1 (HIF-1α) is overexpressed in multiple myeloma (MM) cells within the hypoxic microenvironment. Herein, we explored the effect of persistent HIF-1α inhibition by a lentivirus short hairpin RNA pool on MM cell growth either in vitro or in vivo and on the transcriptional and pro-angiogenic profiles of MM cells. HIF-1α(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional bone matrix glycoprotein that is involved in angiogenesis, cell survival and tumor progression. In this study we show that human myeloma cells directly produce OPN and express its major regulating gene Runx2/Cbfa1. The activity of Runx2/Cbfa1 protein in human myeloma cells has also been demonstrated. Moreover, using(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB), a malignant childhood tumor deriving from the embryonic neural crest, is sensitive to the growth-stimulating effects of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). Aggressive cases of this disease often acquire autocrine loops of IGF production, but the mechanisms through which the different components of the IGF axis are regulated in tumor(More)
Signal transduction mediated by insulin-like growth factors is implicated in the aggressive behavior of neuroblastoma (NB), a childhood tumor originating from the neural crest. IGFBP-5, a protein that binds IGFs with high affinity, is expressed in many NB cell lines exerting opposite effects, depending on its concentration. We found that IGFBP-5 expression(More)
Levels of the transcription factor B-myb must be down-regulated to allow terminal differentiation of neuroectodermal cells and yet its constitutive expression induces early markers of neural differentiation. Thus, we investigated potential mechanisms of enhanced B-myb activity in early stages of neural differentiation. We report here that B-myb expression(More)