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Potato virus Y (PVY) strain groups are based on host response and resistance gene interactions. The strain groups PVY(O), PVY(C) and PVY(N) are well established for the isolates infecting potato in the field. A switch in the emphasis from host response to nucleotide sequence differences in the virus genomes, detection of isolates recombining sequences of(More)
Potato virus Y (PVY) strains were originally defined by interactions with different resistance genes in standard potato cultivars. Five distinct strain groups are defined that cause local or systemic hypersensitive responses (HRs) in genetic background with a corresponding N gene: PVY(O), PVY(N), PVY(C), PVY(Z), and PVY(E). The nucleotide sequences of(More)
Fourteen Potato virus Y (PVY) isolates representative of PVY(O), PVY(N), PVY(NTN) and PVY(N)W groups were characterised at genomic level. Restriction fragment length polymorphism study (RFLP) of each gene of these isolates and sequencing of the first 2700 nucleotides of two PVY(N)W isolates were performed. A mosaic structure was revealed in PVY(N)W and(More)
The ordinary strain of Potato virus Y (PVY), PVY(O), causes mild mosaic in tobacco and induces necrosis and severe stunting in potato cultivars carrying the Ny gene. A novel substrain of PVY(O) was recently reported, PVY(O)-O5, which is spreading in the United States and is distinguished from other PVY(O) isolates serologically (i.e., reacting to the(More)
Four detection techniques, three of which gave reliable identification of the virus particles, were used to locate potato leafroll virus (PLRV) in the alimentary canal of its main aphid vector, Myzus persicae Sulz: immunofluorescence on cryostat sections, conventional transmission electron microscopy on ultrathin sections and immune electron microscopy with(More)
The chronology of PLRV acquisition and retention by Myzus persicae was investigated using electron microscopy. Examination demonstrated a rapid translocation of the virus through the intestine into the haemocoel. Indeed, viral particles could be observed in the intestinal epithelial cells, then in the haemocoel, 4 and 8 h, respectively, after their arrival(More)
Viral molecular determinant(s) involved in the tobacco vein necrosis (TVN) symptom induced by necrotic isolates of Potato virus Y (PVY) on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi leaves remain undetermined. Reference isolates belonging to PVY(N) (infectious PVY(N)-605 clone) and PVY(O) (PVY(O)-139) were used to produce PVY chimeric genomes by using reverse-genetic(More)
The Nc(tbr) and Ny(tbr) genes in Solanum tuberosum determine hypersensitive reactions, characterized by necrotic reactions and restriction of the virus systemic movement, toward isolates belonging to clade C and clade O of Potato virus Y (PVY), respectively. We describe a new resistance from S. sparsipilum which possesses the same phenotype and specificity(More)
The complex Potato virus Y classification, including groups (PVYN and PVYO) and variants (PVYNTN and PVYN-W), is based mainly on biological properties of isolates. Published PVY detection tools targeting markers not associated with biological properties could fail to assign correctly isolates in the current classification. To improve PVY detection tools, a(More)
Ten PVY isolates representative of four PVY groups (YN, YNTN, YN-W, YO), differing by their ability to induce reactions of vein necrosis on tobacco and tuber necrosis on potato, were studied in order to research the regions of the viral genome involved in these necrosis phenomena. The whole genome of these isolates was amplified in two fragments (4,063 and(More)