Camille J. Shanahan

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The extent to which different locomotor tasks require cognitive control is not well characterized. In this article, the authors consider the potential increase in attentional demands associated with carrying an anterior load while clearing an obstacle. Nine healthy male volunteers participated in 80 walking trials, 20 in each of 4 conditions: 1 no load(More)
These experiments examine two aspects of the automatic influences on memory as measured by target responding in the exclusion condition within the process dissociation framework. In Experiment 1, we examine the extent to which congruency between study and test contexts affects automatic processes in memory. In Experiment 2, we investigate qualitative(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to investigate possible differences in the organisation of the motor cortex in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and whether there is an association between cortical organisation and accuracy of a motor task. METHODS fMRI data were collected while 11 participants with moderate/severe right knee OA (6 male, 69 ± 6(More)
The current study quantified lumbar loading while carrying an anterior load mass and navigating an obstacle. Eight healthy male participants walked down a walkway and crossed an obstacle under three randomised LOAD conditions; empty-box (2 KG), five kilogram (5 KG) and ten kilogram (10 KG). Each walk was assessed at two events: left foot mid-stance (LMS)(More)
The mechanisms for proprioceptive changes associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) remain elusive. Observations of proprioceptive changes in both affected knees and other joints imply more generalized mechanisms for proprioceptive impairment. However, evidence for a generalized effect remains controversial. This study examined whether joint repositioning(More)
Although proprioceptive impairments are reported in knee osteoarthritis (OA), there has been little investigation of the underlying causes. Muscle spindles make an important contribution to proprioception. This study investigated whether function of quadriceps, triceps surae, and tibialis anterior muscle spindles is altered in individuals with knee OA.(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of three ergonomic assessment tools (EATs) (RULA, REBA and Strain Index (SI)) in the assessment of non-fixed work through comparison to four occupationally relevant Borg 10 psychophysical scales: Lifting Effort, Grasping Effort, Wrist Discomfort, and Low Back Discomfort. PARTICIPANTS(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of anterior load carriage on obstacle-crossing behaviour, with a focus on lower limb gait parameters. Nine male participants (age 23+/-1.8 years, height 176+/-5.0cm) volunteered. Participants either walked without a load (No Load), or carried a load (2KG (empty box), 5KG, 10KG), and stepped over a 20cm(More)
From gaming to training: a review of studies on fidelity, immersion, presence, and buy-in, and their effects on transfer in PC-based simulations and games. The effect of GPS and moving map displays on navigational awareness while flying under VFR. A review of approaches to determine the effectiveness of ground-based flight simulators.
Abnormalities in G protein linked signal transduction pathways have been detected in fibroblasts from individuals with familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease. The present study used Gs alpha, Gi alpha, Gq alpha and Go alpha G protein subunit antisera, immunoblotting and densitometry to quantify levels of these proteins in control fibroblasts and in(More)
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