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Gene-targeted knockout mice have been generated lacking the major uracil-DNA glycosylase, UNG. In contrast to ung- mutants of bacteria and yeast, such mice do not exhibit a greatly increased spontaneous mutation frequency. However, there is only slow removal of uracil from misincorporated dUMP in isolated ung-/- nuclei and an elevated steady-state level of(More)
There is substantial variability in ovarian response to exogenous gonadotrophins in women undergoing ovarian stimulation for IVF. Genetic variation in signalling pathways of the ovary may influence ovarian stimulation outcome. One previous study showed an association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the gene for bone morphogenetic protein 15(More)
There is substantial variability in ovarian response to exogenous gonadotrophins in women undergoing ovarian stimulation for IVF. Genetic variation in signalling pathways of the ovary could influence ovarian stimulation outcome. Studies have shown a correlation between the serum concentration of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and ovarian stimulation outcome.(More)
BACKGROUND The frequency of chromosomal aberrations (CA) in peripheral blood lymphocytes of healthy individuals has been associated with cancer risk. It is presently unclear whether this association is influenced by individual susceptibility factors such as genetic polymorphisms of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the role of(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is mainly associated with lifestyle factors, particularly dietary factors. Diets high in red meat and fat and low in fruit and vegetables are associated with an increased risk of CRC. The dietary effects may be modulated by genetic polymorphisms in biotransformation genes. In this study we aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic polymorphisms in metabolizing enzymes may modify the association of environmental exposure on colorectal cancer (CRC) and adenoma risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and ninety-eight CRC cases, 422 adenomas (206 low-risk and 216 high-risk adenomas) and 222 controls were genotyped for the CYP1A2 164 A-->C polymorphism and(More)
Little is known about genetic risk factors for colorectal cancer. We assessed the association between polymorphisms in two genes involved in DNA repair of oxidative stress, GPX and OGG1, and risk of colorectal carcinoma or adenomas. We studied 166 cases with adenocarcinoma, 974 with adenomas and 397 controls recruited from the Norwegian cohort NORCCAP. No(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most prevalent inherited neuropathy. Today more than 40 CMT genes have been identified. Diagnosing heterogeneous diseases by conventional Sanger sequencing is time consuming and expensive. Thus, more efficient and less costly methods are needed in clinical diagnostics. We included a population based sample of 81 CMT(More)
We introduced multiple abasic sites (AP sites) in the chromosome of repair-deficient mutants of Escherichia coli, in vivo, by expressing engineered variants of uracil-DNA glycosylase that remove either thymine or cytosine. After introduction of AP sites, deficiencies in base excision repair (BER) or recombination were associated with strongly enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND It has recently been shown that NDRG2 mRNA is down-regulated or undetectable in several human cancers and cancer cell-lines. Although the function of NDRG2 is unknown, high NDRG2 expression correlates with improved prognosis in high-grade gliomas. The aim of this study has been to examine NDRG2 mRNA expression in colon cancer. By examining(More)