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The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Nd:YAG, Er:YAG, and diode lasers on the morphology and permeability of root canal walls. The three laser wavelengths mentioned interact differently(More)
BACKGROUND The use of external sources of energy may accelerate the setting rate of glass ionomer cements (GICs) allowing better initial mechanical properties. AIM To investigate the influence of(More)
The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the effects of a self-etch adhesive system and neodymium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet (Nd:YAG) laser application on the dentinal permeability of the(More)
BACKGROUND The high-viscosity consistency of glass ionomer cement (GIC) may lead to its incorrect adaptation into the cavity and therefore to restoration failure. AIM To compare two different(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphology and permeability of root canal walls irradiated with Er,Cr:YSGG laser after conventional endodontic treatment. BACKGROUND Laser(More)