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Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most commonly treated female reproductive tract affliction, characterized by the displacement of healthy lactobacilli by an overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria. BV can contribute to pathogenic inflammation, preterm birth, and susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections. As the bacteria responsible for BV pathogenicity and(More)
K562 erythroleukemia cells undergo apoptosis when induced to differentiate along the erythroid lineage with hemin. This event, characterized by DNA fragmentation, correlated with downregulation of the survival protein, BCL-xL, and decrease in mitochondrial transmembrane potential (deltapsi[m]) that ultimately resulted in cell death. Reorientation of(More)
Transfection of a murine fibroblast cell line with an activated form of the Harvey ras oncogene conferred sensitivity to apoptosis induced by various agents. This intrinsic sensitivity to apoptosis correlated with the expression of endogenous endonuclease activity in isolated nuclei that was undetectable in the untransfected parental cell line. Subsequent(More)
PROBLEM Vaginal microbicides represent a promising approach for preventing heterosexual HIV transmission. However, preclinical evaluation should be conducted to ensure that microbicides will be safe for human cells and healthy microflora of the female reproductive tract. One microbicide candidate, RC-101, has been effective and well tolerated in preliminary(More)
Bacterial vaginosis is a common reproductive infection in which commensal vaginal lactobacilli are displaced by a mixed population of pathogenic bacteria. Bacterial vaginosis increases susceptibility to HIV, and it has been suggested that host innate immune responses to pathogenic bacteria contribute to enhanced infection, yet the cellular mechanisms(More)
In this report, we describe a new approach for the production of lipid antigens that elicit specific immune responses against phosphatidylserine (PS). Because phospholipids are small nonimmunogenic haptens, PS analogs containing activated coupling groups were synthesized and covalently attached to carrier proteins. Sulfhydryl-reactive PS was generated by(More)
The Container Relocation Problem consists in finding the minimum number of moves to load a set of stacked container on a ship according to a given loading sequence. This is crucial problem for every commercial ports in the world. Minimizing the number of container relocation allows to minimize the operational costs (trucks cost and time). In this paper, we(More)
In vitro stored red blood cells (RBC) and RBC artificially induced to vesiculate by incubation with dilauroylphosphatidyl-choline were monitored for age- and vesiculation-dependent changes in cell density, membrane lipid asymmetry, and their ability to be recognized and cleared by reticuloendothelial cells. RBC demonstrated a progressive increase in density(More)
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