Camila Corvalán

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BACKGROUND Pre-natal and post-natal growth are associated with adult body composition, but the relative importance of growth in different periods of childhood is still unclear, particularly in stunted populations. METHODS We studied 358 women and 352 men measured as children in 1969-77 in four villages in Guatemala, and re-measured as adults in 2002-04(More)
In 12 July 2012, the Chilean Senate approved the Law of Food Labeling and Advertising, resulting from the joint efforts of a group of health professionals, researchers and legislators who proposed a regulatory framework in support of healthy diets and active living. Its goal was to curb the ongoing epidemic increase of obesity and non-communicable diseases.(More)
In Chile, childhood obesity rates are high. The purpose of this article is to compare BMI growth characteristics of normal (N), overweight (OW), and obese (OB) 5-year olds from 0 to 5 years and explore the influence of some prenatal factors on these patterns of growth. The study was done on a retrospective cohort of 1,089 5-year olds with birth weight(More)
BACKGROUND A better understanding of the link between eating behavior and maternal feeding practices with childhood and maternal weight status is of great interest. OBJECTIVE To assess the association between childhood anthropometric measures with mothers' Body Mass Index (BMI) and their feeding practices toward preschool children in Chile. METHODS 1029(More)
BACKGROUND BMI and waist circumference (WC) are used to screen for cardio-metabolic risk; however it is unclear how well these indices perform in populations subject to childhood stunting. OBJECTIVES To evaluate BMI and WC as indicators of cardio-metabolic risk and to determine optimal cut-off points among 1,325 Guatemalan adults (44 % stunted: 162 cm(More)
BACKGROUND In low-birth-weight girls, obesity increases the risk of premature adrenarche and metabolic complications. However, the consistency of this association in normal-birth-weight children and its potential mediators remain unknown. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to assess the associations between obesity indicators and dehydroepiandrosterone(More)
BACKGROUND Studying prenatal influences of early life growth is relevant to life-course epidemiology as some of its features have been linked to the onset of later diseases. METHODS We studied the association between prenatal maternal characteristics (height, age, parity, education, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), smoking, gestational diabetes and(More)
Recent interest in the Developmental Origins and Health and Adult Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has led to several studies assessing how events taking place at a given time in development (embryonic or fetal life) can affect the health of the offspring in later life (1). The simplest way of assessing ''healthiness'' during pregnancy is by monitoring maternal(More)
Optimal health and well-being are now considered the true measures of human development. Integrated strategies for infant, child and adult nutrition are required that take a life-course perspective to achieve life-long health. The major nutrition challenges faced today include: (a) addressing the pending burden of undernutrition (low birth weight, severe(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal obesity before and during pregnancy predicts maternal and infant risks of obesity and its associated metabolic conditions. Dietary and physical activity recommendations during pregnancy as well as weight monitoring are currently available in the Chilean primary health care system. However some of these recommendations are not updated and(More)