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OBJECTIVE The aim of this review was to summarize the literature regarding the impact of the menopause transition on body weight and body composition. METHODS We conducted a search of the literature using Medline (Ovid, 1946-present) and PubMed (1966-2012) for English-language studies that included the following search terms: 'menopause', 'midlife',(More)
The involution of the female genital tract seems to reflect a built-in biological life expectancy, inter-related with the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-ovarian axis. Lower levels of oestradiol have a number of adverse effects, including on the lower urinary tract. The major universal change is vaginal atrophy. The vaginal mucosa becomes thinner and dry, which(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore clinically relevant differences in severity of vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) in postmenopausal women treated with ospemifene compared with placebo. METHODS Analysis of two multicenter, randomized, double-blind, 12-week phase-III studies in postmenopausal women (40-80 years, with VVA, treated with ospemifene 60 mg/day or placebo(More)
BACKGROUND Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is a multidimensional problem combining biological, psychological and interpersonal elements of multiple etiologies. Menopause-related sexual dysfunction may not be reversible without therapy. Hormonal deficiency does not usually decrease in severity over time. Many options are available for the successful(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a simple personality scale to be used as a complementary tool for menopause-specific quality-of-life instruments. DESIGN A population-based random sample of 2,274 Spanish women stratified by age groups and education level was used in the validation phase. The initial 94-item questionnaire was reduced to 20 items by(More)
Early menopause or premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a common cause of infertility in women and affects about one per cent of young women. This disorder has significant psychological sequelae and major health implications. Its relevance has increased in recent years due to the fact that age of motherhood is being delayed in developed countries, with(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether assessment of all moderate-to-severe symptoms at baseline gives a more accurate evaluation of the treatment effect of ospemifene in vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) than the most bothersome symptom (MBS) approach. METHODS Data were pooled from two pivotal phase-III clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of oral(More)
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