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Alzheimer's disease (AD) probably involves several pathobiochemical mechanisms and this may be reflected by changes in different serum components. The present study investigated whether the combined analysis of serum molecules related to different mechanisms improves the discrimination of AD patients from healthy controls. Serum of patients with AD was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study was aimed at the comparative analysis of serum concentrations of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and protein S-100B in patients with acute stroke. METHODS We investigated 32 patients with stroke symptoms consistent with cerebral ischemia in the anterior territory of vascular supply. Serial venous blood samples were(More)
The present study investigated if a causal relation exists between serum concentrations of precursors and metabolites of cholesterol and cognitive performance in a healthy aging population. Cognitive function addressing four domains of 144 individuals (30-80 years) was tested at baseline and after 6 years of follow-up. Serum concentrations of different(More)
The relation between serum inflammatory protein levels and cognitive performance was investigated in a healthy population. Individuals were tested during 6 years of follow-up. Serum concentrations of 10 inflammatory proteins were correlated to cognitive speed (Letter-Digit Coding Test, LDCT), attention and information processing (Stroop) and memory (Word(More)
The 3-nitropropionic acid animal model is a model where excitotoxicity, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress, mechanisms common to various neurodegenerative diseases, are involved. The present study investigated whether behavioural alterations in this model were related to striatal damage. Wistar and Lewis rats were exposed to 3-nitropropionic(More)
The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is currently based on clinical and neuropsychological examination. To date there is no blood test available that can discriminate dementia patients from healthy individuals. In the present paper, an overview of the current state of knowledge on biologic markers in serum (plasma) and CSF is presented. The combination(More)
In the present study, we examined the long-term effect of oxidative stress induced neurodegeneration on sterol concentrations in striatum and serum of Wistar and Lewis rats. Three weeks after treatment with 3-nitropropionic acid, no differences in 24S-hydroxycholesterol concentrations were observed in striatal homogenates and serum. Ratios of striatal(More)
Little is known of the biochemical processes of cognitive decline during 'healthy' aging. Biological markers in body fluids, such as blood, could provide insight in those processes. In the present studies serum concentrations of different markers have been correlated to cognitive functioning of cognitively healthy aging individuals over a period of six(More)
BACKGROUND The education and activation program (EAP) is a newly developed intervention to prevent the development of chronic shoulder complaints (SCs). Trained general practitioners (GPs) administer the EAP. The EAP addresses inadequate cognitions and maladaptive behavior related to the SCs. The effect of the EAP is evaluated in a randomized clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The education and activation programme (EAP) aims at coping with psychosocial determinants to prevent the development of chronic shoulder complaints (SCs). The effect of the EAP on functional limitations and patient-perceived recovery after 6 and 26 weeks is evaluated in a randomised clinical trial. METHODS Patients with SCs present at rest or(More)
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