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The growth and survival of juvenile toads, Bufo bufo, infected with a common lung nematode, Rhabdias bufonis, were studied. Toads were raised from tadpoles in the laboratory and infected 2 months after metamorphosis. Individual toads were exposed to doses of 10, 40, 80 or 160 larvae, which enabled examination of the hypothesis that parasite-induced(More)
Previous surveys of wild ungulates indicate that the liver fluke, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, was rare in the Cypress Hills area of southeastern Alberta. However, 41 of 59 wapiti (Cervus elaphus) sampled during the 2003 and 2004 hunting seasons from this region were infected, with 7 hosts containing >1,000 worms. Prevalence and mean intensity were similarly(More)
Accurate diagnosis of parasites within individual hosts remains a difficult task. Incorrect and/or inaccurate diagnosis restricts the potential for targeted treatment of individuals and limits our understanding of key epidemiological characteristics of potential pathogens of domestic stock. In this study, we compared the specificity and sensitivity of four(More)
Intensity-dependent development of Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus metacercariae was studied in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed to 0, 20, or 120 cercariae. Subsamples of hosts were necropsied at 2-wk intervals to monitor parasite recruitment, growth, and time to encystment. The complex development of metacercariae within the cranium of(More)
Metacercariae of the trematode Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus cause a conspicuous enlargement of the cranium of juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Minnows sampled from 2 naturally infected ponds in northern Alberta, Canada, had 12% higher and 7% wider craniums compared to fish from an adjacent, uninfected pond. We tested the prediction that(More)
The migration of subadult parasites to preferred sites within final hosts is well characterized. In contrast, the migration of larval stages of trematodes to specific sites within their second intermediate hosts is poorly understood. We used a serial necropsy approach to characterize the migration of Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus diplostomules from the(More)
Trematode metacercariae typically are regarded as nonfeeding and metabolically inactive. However, the metacercariae of many trematode species undergo complex and prolonged periods of development within their intermediate hosts. In the present study, we used electron microscopy to document chronological changes in development of the tegument of(More)
We monitored temporal changes in the magnitude of altered host behaviour in minnows (Pimephales promelas) experimentally infected with metacercariae of a brain-encysting trematode (Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus). This parasite develops and then encysts in a region of the brain that mediates the optomotor response (OMR), an innate behaviour that links(More)
Density-dependence in worm establishment, numbers, biomass and larval production were examined in primary infections of 0, 10, 40, 80 and 160 larvae of the lung nematode, Rhabdias bufonis in the common toad, Bufo bufo. The infection procedure established 4 non-overlapping levels of infection which persisted until 6 weeks post-infection (p.i.), after which(More)
Epidemiological rate parameters of host generalist parasites are difficult to estimate, especially in cases where variation in parasite performance can be attributed to host species. Such cases are likely common for generalist parasites of sympatric grazing mammals. In this study, we combined data from experimental exposures in cattle and sheep and natural(More)