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Hookworms of the genus Uncinaria have been widely reported from juvenile pinnipeds, however investigations of their systematics has been limited, with only two species described, Uncinaria lucasi from northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) and Uncinaria hamiltoni from South American sea lions (Otaria flavescens). Hookworms were sampled from these hosts(More)
This study investigated Theileria orientalis following outbreaks of oriental theileriosis in cattle in the state of Victoria, Australia, from September 2010 to January 2012, using traditional and molecular methods of diagnosis. A questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information from cattle farms. Blood samples (n=301), collected from individual(More)
The patterns of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) with duration of follow-up and duration of service which are characteristic of the healthy worker effect in occupational cohort studies have been simulated using models of selection and survivor effects. The models support current theories about the population dynamics which underlie the selection effect(More)
Infectious diseases specialists often use diagnostic tests to assess the probability of a disease based on knowledge of the diagnostic properties. It has become standard for published studies on diagnostic tests to report sensitivity, specificity and predictive values. Likelihood ratios are often omitted. We compared published clinical prediction rules in(More)
The analysis of data from cohort studies by duration of exposure and time since first exposure (latent interval) has been investigated using a simulation approach. These two analyses are often performed when the estimator of risk, commonly the O/E ratio or SMR, shows evidence of a raised risk. Two measures of risk were tested in the detailed analyses: the(More)
We are thankful for the thoughtful comments provided by Cohen and colleagues in their letter to the editor, and appreciate the opportunity to respond below. First, Cohen and colleagues make an excellent point that sensitivity and specificity as well as likelihood ratios change with different settings, and offer a good example. When we wrote BUnlike(More)
Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) causes significant morbidity and mortality. We assessed the disease severity and clinical outcomes of SAB in patients with pre-existing immunosuppression, compared with immunocompetent patients. A retrospective cohort investigation studied consecutive patients with SAB hospitalized across six hospitals in Toronto,(More)
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