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The folding of both wild-type and mutant forms of the cystic-fibrosis transmembrane-conductance regulator (CFTR), a plasma-membrane chloride-ion channel, is inefficient. Most nascent CFTR is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and degraded by the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. Aberrant folding and defective trafficking of CFTRDeltaF508 is the principal(More)
Cystic fibrosis arises from the misfolding and premature degradation of CFTR Delta F508, a Cl- ion channel with a single amino acid deletion. Yet, the quality-control machinery that selects CFTR Delta F508 for degradation and the mechanism for its misfolding are not well defined. We identified an ER membrane-associated ubiquitin ligase complex containing(More)
When human fibroblasts from different donors are grown in vitro, only a small fraction of the variation in their finite replicative capacity is explained by the chronological age of the donor. Because we had previously shown that telomeres, the terminal guanine-rich sequences of chromosomes, shorten throughout the life-span of cultured cells, we wished to(More)
To maintain quality control in cells, mechanisms distinguish among improperly folded peptides, mature and functional proteins, and proteins to be targeted for degradation. The molecular chaperones, including heat-shock protein Hsp90, have the ability to recognize misfolded proteins and assist in their conversion to a functional conformation. Disruption of(More)
The chaperone function of the mammalian 70-kDa heat shock proteins Hsc70 and Hsp70 is modulated by physical interactions with four previously identified chaperone cofactors: Hsp40, BAG-1, the Hsc70-interacting protein Hip, and the Hsc70-Hsp90-organizing protein Hop. Hip and Hop interact with Hsc70 via a tetratricopeptide repeat domain. In a search for(More)
Proper folding of proteins (either newly synthesized or damaged in response to a stressful event) occurs in a highly regulated fashion. Cytosolic chaperones such as Hsc/Hsp70 are assisted by cofactors that modulate the folding machinery in a positive or negative manner. CHIP (carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein) is such a cofactor that interacts(More)
A primary pathologic component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the formation of neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated tau (p-tau). Expediting the removal of these p-tau species may be a relevant therapeutic strategy. Here we report that inhibition of Hsp90 led to decreases in p-tau levels independent of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1)(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic lesion formation is a complex process, in part mediated by inflammatory and oxidative mechanisms including lipid peroxidation. To further characterize the potential role of lipid peroxidation products in atherogenesis, we studied the effects of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) on rat aortic smooth muscle cell growth. METHODS AND(More)
Molecular chaperones are known to facilitate cellular protein folding. They bind non-native proteins and orchestrate the folding process in conjunction with regulatory cofactors that modulate the affinity of the chaperone for its substrate. However, not every attempt to fold a protein is successful and chaperones can direct misfolded proteins to the(More)
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) and betacellulin (BTC) are activating ligands for EGF receptor (EGFR/ErbB1) and ErbB4. To identify their physiological functions, we disrupted mouse HB-EGF and BTC alleles by homologous recombination. Most HB-EGF(-/-) mice died before weaning, and survivors had enlarged, dysfunctional hearts and reduced(More)