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Cystic fibrosis arises from the misfolding and premature degradation of CFTR Delta F508, a Cl- ion channel with a single amino acid deletion. Yet, the quality-control machinery that selects CFTR Delta F508 for degradation and the mechanism for its misfolding are not well defined. We identified an ER membrane-associated ubiquitin ligase complex containing(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic lesion formation is a complex process, in part mediated by inflammatory and oxidative mechanisms including lipid peroxidation. To further characterize the potential role of lipid peroxidation products in atherogenesis, we studied the effects of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) on rat aortic smooth muscle cell growth. METHODS AND(More)
When human fibroblasts from different donors are grown in vitro, only a small fraction of the variation in their finite replicative capacity is explained by the chronological age of the donor. Because we had previously shown that telomeres, the terminal guanine-rich sequences of chromosomes, shorten throughout the life-span of cultured cells, we wished to(More)
CFTRDeltaF508 exhibits a correctable protein-folding defect that leads to its misfolding and premature degradation, which is the cause of cystic fibrosis (CF). Herein we report on the characterization of the CFTRDeltaF508 biogenic intermediate that is selected for proteasomal degradation and identification of cellular components that polyubiquitinate(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary atherosclerotic disease remains the leading cause of death in the Western world. Although the exact sequence of events in this process is controversial, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RS) likely play an important role in vascular cell dysfunction and atherogenesis. Oxidative damage to the mitochondrial genome with resultant(More)
A growing family of helix-loop-helix PAS (HLH-PAS) transcription factors has emerged recently. These proteins form heterodimers and are involved in adaptation to environmental or physiologic stresses as well as in embryonic development. We describe the cloning and characterization of a novel HLH-PAS protein termed LE-PAS (limbic-enriched PAS) in mouse.(More)
Exposure of cells to various stresses often leads to the induction of a group of proteins called heat shock proteins (HSPs, molecular chaperones). Hsp70 is one of the most highly inducible molecular chaperones, but its expression must be maintained at low levels under physiological conditions to permit constitutive cellular activities to proceed. Heat shock(More)
Accumulation of the microtubule-associated protein tau into neurofibrillary lesions is a pathological consequence of several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Hereditary mutations in the MAPT gene were shown to promote the formation of structurally distinct tau aggregates in patients that had a(More)
The stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) by tumor-derived VEGF represents a key event in the initiation of angiogenesis. In this work, we report that VEGFR-2 is localized in endothelial caveolae, associated with caveolin-1, and that this complex is rapidly dissociated upon stimulation with VEGF. The kinetics of caveolin-1(More)
Secreted frizzle-related protein 2 (SFRP2), a modulator of Wnt signaling, has recently been found to be overexpressed in the vasculature of 85% of human breast tumors; however, its role in angiogenesis is unknown. We found that SFRP2 induced angiogenesis in the mouse Matrigel plug assay and the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. SFRP2 inhibited hypoxia(More)