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OBJECTIVE To report a case of amlodipine overdose successfully treated with intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE). CASE SUMMARY A 47-year-old, 110 kg female ingested at least 350 mg of amlodipine with an unknown amount of ethanol. Initial blood pressure was 103/57 mm Hg, mean arterial pressure (MAP) 72 mm Hg, and heart rate 113 beats per minute. In the early(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of vancomycin-associated nephrotoxicity (VAN) is reported to vary from 1.0-42.6%, with most data from critically ill patients. Evaluation of VAN among internal medicine patients is lacking. Our objectives were to determine the incidence, time-course, outcomes, and risk factors of VAN in adult internal medicine patients. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND After renal transplantation, many patients experience adverse effects from maintenance immunosuppressive drugs. When these adverse effects occur, patient adherence with immunosuppression may be reduced and impact allograft survival. If these adverse effects could be prospectively monitored in an objective manner and possibly prevented, adherence(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by bilateral renal cysts, kidney pain, hypertension, and progressive loss of renal function. It is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease and the most common inherited kidney disease in the United States. Despite its prevalence, disease-modifying treatment options do not currently(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyperkalemia is a serious medical condition that often manifests in patients with chronic kidney disease and heart failure. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors are known to improve outcomes in these disease states but can also cause drug-induced hyperkalemia. New therapeutic options exist for managing hyperkalemia in these patients(More)
To the Editor: Vincenti and colleagues (Jan. 28 issue)1 found that the risk of death or graft loss was lower with belatacept-based immunosuppression than with a cyclosporine-based regimen among kidney-transplant recipients during 7 years of follow-up. The results are notable, because data on long-term clinical outcomes are rare in the field. However, no(More)
Extrarenal adverse effects (AEs) associated with calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) and mycophenolic acid (MPA) occur frequently but are unpredictable posttransplant complications. AEs may result from intracellular CNI accumulation and low activity of P-glycoprotein, encoded by the ABCB1 gene. Since ABCB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and sex influence(More)
Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is a form of acute kidney injury (AKI) characterized by a rapid deterioration of renal function, inflammatory infiltration of interstitial tissues, and renal edema. Drug-induced AIN is the most common etiology of AIN, but AIN can also have infectious, autoimmune, or idiopathic causes. β-Lactam antibacterials, nonsteroidal(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare and contrast the efficacy and safety of patiromer and sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (ZS-9) in the treatment of hyperkalemia. DESIGN A systematic review and meta-analysis of phase II and III clinical trial data was completed. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS Eight studies (two phase II and four phase III trials with two subgroup analyses)(More)
Staphylococcus aureus possesses exceptional virulence and a remarkable ability to adapt in the face of antibiotic therapy. We examined the in vitro evolution of S. aureus in response to escalating vancomycin exposure by evaluating bacterial killing and the progression of resistance. A hollow-fiber infection model was utilized to simulate human doses of(More)