Calvin F Roff

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Niemann-Pick C disease (NP-C) is a neurovisceral lysosomal storage disorder. A variety of studies have highlighted defective sterol trafficking from lysosomes in NP-C cells. However, the heterogeneous nature of additional accumulating metabolites suggests that the cellular lesion may involve a more generalized block in retrograde lysosomal trafficking.(More)
We have determined the levels of free sphingoid bases in livers of normal and cholesterol lipidotic Niemann-Pick type C mice. Hepatic sphingosine and sphinganine levels in affected mice (593 pmol/mg protein) were elevated more than 20-fold when compared to levels in age-matched normal mice (26 pmol/mg protein). Upon fractionation of mutant liver homogenates(More)
Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is a cholesterol lipidosis resulting from defective postlysosomal cholesterol transport. In normal cells this segment of cholesterol trafficking is inhibited by treatment with either U18666A or imipramine. Other compounds are also capable of blocking postlysosomal cholesterol transport: stearylamine, RV-538, and sphinganine(More)
Fluorescent microscopic examination of fibroblasts cultured with low density lipoprotein (LDL) and progesterone (10 micrograms/ml) for 24 h revealed extensive filipin-cholesterol staining of perinuclear lysosomes. Levels of unesterified cholesterol were 2-fold greater than in fibroblasts cultured with LDL alone. Progesterone strongly blocked cholesteryl(More)
We have isolated three independent Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants (B3853, I223, and M311) with temperature-sensitive, pleiotropic defects in receptor-mediated endocytosis. Activities affected at 41 degrees C include uptake via the D-mannose 6-phosphate receptor, accumulation of Fe from diferric transferrin, uptake of alpha 2-macroglobulin,(More)
Type I interferons (IFN) (IFN-alpha/beta) are recognized as both inhibitors and effectors of autoimmune disease. In multiple sclerosis, IFN-beta therapy appears beneficial, in part, due to its suppression of autoimmune inflammatory Th cell responses. In contrast, in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) triggering of plasmacytoid DC (pDC) Toll-like receptors(More)
We have determined the effects of the Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) lesion, which impairs transport of cholesterol from lysosomes, on the androgenic status of male NPC mice. The mice have low serum testosterone levels resulting from decreased testosterone secretion. Testosterone secretion is reduced in NPC mouse testes incubated with 8-bromo-cAMP, 20(More)
NPC disease is an autosomal recessive neurovisceral storage disorder. A pleiotropic array of secondary enzymatic and storage abnormalities has in the past obscured a cohesive understanding of the underlying metabolic basis of this disorder. Recent findings, reviewed in this report, demonstrate that NPC disease is a cholesterol lipidosis resulting from(More)
Hepatic sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP2) and sterol carrier protein-X (SCPx) levels in normal and in mutant Niemann-Pick Type C mice were determined by immunoblotting with antiserum against rat SCP2. A 14-kDa protein (SCP2) was detected in the cytosol fraction and a 58-kDa protein (SCPx) was found in both cytosolic and organellar fractions. Expression of(More)