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The effects of coronary capacitance on instantaneous pressure-flow (P/F) relationships were analyzed using a theoretical model of coronary flow during diastole that included capacitance. The magnitude of the discrepancy between actual intramural and instantaneously derived P/F relationships was predicted to be dependent on the ratio of two natural decay(More)
Borderline increase of troponin I (cTnI) is associated with higher rates of cardiovascular events compared with normal levels in the setting of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the significance of borderline cTnI levels in patients without chest pain may differ. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic implications of intermediate serum cTnI(More)
The complement system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In addition, complement activation and complement-mediated brain injury have been found in a variety of central nervous system diseases, including stroke. However, there are limited data about the value of complement components for prediction of stroke. Complement C3 and C4(More)
To compare the cerebral vascular and metabolic effect of an isoflurane-nitrous oxide mixture to an equipotent dose of isoflurane at 1.1 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration (MAC), and to study the interaction between nitrous oxide and isoflurane anesthesia, we measured right middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (V mca) and cerebral arteriovenous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the time and dose response of the therapeutic effects of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist ketamine in experimental head injury. METHODS Sixty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into eight groups. Groups A, B, and C were surgically prepared but received no trauma. Groups D(More)
If a coronary artery is ligated and the distal end cannulated, blood flows retrograde from the cannula when vented to the atmosphere. By varying the height of the outflow tubing, and thereby changing the outflow pressure, pressure-flow relationships can be constructed. We used this technique in eight dogs to assess the characteristics of blood flow into(More)
The cerebrovascular response to CO2 has been reported to be preserved during propofol anesthesia, but no comparison with awake control values has been made, and the additional influence of N2O has not been investigated. Using the noninvasive technique of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, this study investigated the cerebrovascular response to varying(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors have been implicated in both vascular and ventricular remodeling, and in atherosclerotic plaque rupture. The prognostic value of plasma tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) levels in patients with established or suspected coronary artery disease is unknown. METHODS Tissue inhibitor of(More)
Ultrastructural studies of the extracellular collagen matrix were made on the "stunned" myocardium using scanning, conventional and high voltage transmission electron microscopy and light microscopy. Regional myocardial dysfunction was produced by 12 sequential 5 minute occlusions of the left anterior descending coronary artery, separated by 10 minute(More)
Baseline plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels have been shown to independently predict the early risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients presenting with chest pain. In addition, baseline MPO levels have been demonstrated to predict the development of adverse cardiac events up to 6 months after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, in contrast to(More)