Calin Dan Dumitru

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Micro-RNAs (miR genes) are a large family of highly conserved noncoding genes thought to be involved in temporal and tissue-specific gene regulation. MiRs are transcribed as short hairpin precursors ( approximately 70 nt) and are processed into active 21- to 22-nt RNAs by Dicer, a ribonuclease that recognizes target mRNAs via base-pairing interactions. Here(More)
A large number of tiny noncoding RNAs have been cloned and named microRNAs (miRs). Recently, we have reported that miR-15a and miR-16a, located at 13q14, are frequently deleted and/or down-regulated in patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, a disorder characterized by increased survival. To further investigate the possible involvement of miRs in(More)
We report here that miR-155 and miR-125b play a role in innate immune response. LPS stimulation of mouse Raw 264.7 macrophages resulted in the up-regulation of miR-155 and down-regulation of miR-125b levels. The same changes also occurred when C57BL/6 mice were i.p. injected with LPS. Furthermore, the levels of miR-155 and miR-125b in Raw 264.7 cells(More)
Little is known about the expression levels or function of micro-RNAs (miRNAs) in normal and neoplastic cells, although it is becoming clear that miRNAs play important roles in the regulation of gene expression during development [Ambros, V. (2003) Cell 113, 673-676; McManus, M. T. (2003) Semin. Cancer Biol. 13, 253-258]. We now report the genomewide(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNA genes recently found to be abnormally expressed in several types of cancer. Here, we describe a recently developed methodology for miRNA gene expression profiling based on the development of a microchip containing oligonucleotides corresponding to 245 miRNAs from human and mouse genomes. We used these(More)
Tpl2 knockout mice produce low levels of TNF-alpha when exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and they are resistant to LPS/D-Galactosamine-induced pathology. LPS stimulation of peritoneal macrophages from these mice did not activate MEK1, ERK1, and ERK2 but did activate JNK, p38 MAPK, and NF-kappaB. The block in ERK1 and ERK2 activation was causally linked(More)
Macrophage activation by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promotes the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and of secondary mediators, such as leukotrienes and prostaglandins (PGs). Mice lacking the gene encoding the serine/threonine protein kinase Tpl2/Cot produce low(More)
The Esx-1 (type VII) secretion system is a major virulence determinant of pathogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium marinum. However, the molecular events and host-pathogen interactions underlying Esx-1-mediated virulence in vivo remain unclear. Here we address this problem in a non-lethal mouse model of M. marinum infection that allows detailed(More)
evolution and can be recognized to date in both vertebrate and invertebrate species (for review, see Medzhi-tov and Janeway, 1997a, 1997b). Innate immunity is triggered by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are shared by groups of microbial patho-LPS binds the soluble LPS binding protein (LBP) and the Hellenic Pasteur Institute complex(More)