Cal Y. Meyers

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Fluorescent-labeled hormones can be used to study hormone-receptor interactions by means of fluorescence polarization, visualization by fluorescence microscopy, or separation methods, e.g., dextran-coated charcoal. Subcellular fragments, single cells, and tissue preparations are amenable to study; in this work rat uterine cytosol was used unless otherwise(More)
(+/-)-Z-bis-Dehydrodoisynolic acid [(+/-)-Z-BDDA] is highly estrogenic in vivo, yet binds to estrogen receptor (ER) poorly. This paradox has raised the possibility of alternative ERs and/or molecular mechanisms. To address the possibility of high activities of Z-BDDA with ERbeta, we determined the activities of (+)-Z-BDDA and (-)-Z-BDDA, in cell culture and(More)
A recently synthesized fluorescein-labeled estrogen (17FE, 1-(N)-fluoresceinyl-estrone-thiosemicarbazone) interacts with estrogen-target cells like the native hormone and visualizes the uptake, transport, and distribution of estrogen in intact target cells. Moreover, estrogen binding sites are traced by 17FE in cryostat sections of estrogen target tissues(More)
Doisynolic acids are non-steroidal estrogenic compounds originally obtained from alkali fusion of estrone and equilenin. Z-bisdehydrodoisynolic acids (Z-BDDA) exhibit a low binding affinity accompanied by a disproportionately high biologic activity. Two experiments were designed to investigate the chronic effects of (+)-, (-)- and (+/-)-Z-BDDA and(More)
Oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) promotes the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Estrogenic compounds (EC) from foods and other natural products, and synthetic estrogenic compounds (SECs) may prevent heart disease by inhibiting LDL oxidation. In the present study, we tested the antioxidant capacities of two phytoestrogens, daidzein (DAI) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The putative selective estrogen receptor modulator (+)-Z-bisdehydrodoisynolic acid (Z-BDDA) has been found to improve cardiovascular risk in rodents. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of (+)-Z-BDDA compared with the antidiabetic drug, rosiglitazone, in treating obesity and risk factors associated with the metabolic(More)
Doisynolic acids, a class of seco-steroid acids some of which exhibit greater uterotropic estrogenicity than estradiol-17 beta, are D-ring cleavage products of steroidal estrogens formed by fusion with KOH above 200 degrees C. We have found that electron-transfer reactions between estrone or estradiol and CCl4 or CBrCl3 in KOH-t-BuOH at 25 degrees C rapidly(More)
Most alkyl phenyl sulfones are readily alpha-chlorinated with CCl(4) and alpha-brominated with CBrCl3 in KOH-t-BuOH via radical-anion radical pair (RARP) reactions. While isopropyl mesityl sulfone (4) is easily alpha-chlorinated with CCl(4), it was completely recovered when treated with the more reactive CBrCl3. Subsequent investigations showed the latter(More)