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The Cre/loxP system has become an important tool in designing postintegrational switch mechanisms for transgenes in mice. The power and spectrum of application of this system depends on transgenic mouse lines that provide Cre recombinase activity with a defined cell type-, tissue-, or developmental stage-specificity. We have developed a novel mouse line(More)
Leukocyte chemoattractants regulate many leukocyte functions, including leukocyte chemotaxis, via the Rho family of small GTPases that include RhoA, Cdc42, and Rac. Previous work has revealed mechanisms by which chemoattractants regulate RhoA and Cdc42 in mouse neutrophils, but the mechanisms for regulation of Rac remain unclear even though Rac is important(More)
Human and mouse genetic and in vitro evidence has shown that canonical Wnt signaling promotes bone formation, but we found that mice lacking the canonical Wnt antagonist Dickkopf2 (Dkk2) were osteopenic. We reaffirmed the finding that canonical Wnt signaling stimulates osteogenesis, including the differentiation from preosteoblasts to osteoblasts, in(More)
The intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in skeletal muscles must be rapidly regulated during the excitation-contraction-relaxation process. However, the signalling components involved in such rapid Ca2+ movement are not fully understood. Here we report that mice deficient in the newly identified PtdInsP (phosphatidylinositol phosphate) phosphatase(More)
PCR conditions were optimized to amplify the COL4A5 cDNA from lymphoblasts and kidney tissue. Sequencing of the COL4A5 mRNA isolated from the kidney of an Alport syndrome patient revealed two differences with the published sequence. One divergence, the insertion of an 18 bp sequence between exon 11 and 10 of the COL4A5 mRNA added two Gly-X-Y triplets to the(More)
Forkhead transcription factors play critical roles in leukocyte homeostasis. To study further the immunological functions of Foxo1, we generated mice that selectively lack Foxo1 in T cells (Foxo1(flox/flox) Lck.cre(+)conditional knockout mice (cKO)). Although thymocyte development appeared relatively normal, Foxo1 cKO mice harbored significantly increased(More)
Cre-mediated site-specific recombination allows conditional transgene expression or gene knockouts in mice. Inducible Cre recombination systems have been developed to bypass initial embryonic lethal phenotypes and provide access to later embryonic or adult phenotypes. We have produced Cre transgenic mice in which excision is tamoxifen inducible and occurs(More)
The RNA-binding protein HuR (also known as ELAV1) binds to the 3'-untranslated region of mRNAs and regulates transcript stability and translation. However, the in vivo functions of HuR are not well understood. Here, we report that murine HuR is essential for life; postnatal global deletion of Elavl1 induced atrophy of hematopoietic organs, extensive loss of(More)
Coordinated cell migration during development is crucial for morphogenesis and largely relies on cells of the neural crest lineage that migrate over long distances to give rise to organs and tissues throughout the body. Recent studies of protein arginylation implicated this poorly understood posttranslational modification in the functioning of actin(More)
Islet function is incompletely understood in part because key steps in glutamate handling remain undetermined. The glutamate (excitatory amino acid) transporter 2 (EAAT2; Slc1a2) has been hypothesized to (a) provide islet cells with glutamate, (b) protect islet cells against high extracellular glutamate concentrations, (c) mediate glutamate release, or (d)(More)