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Studies of mammalian genes activated in response to an acute stimulus have suggested diverse mechanisms through which chromatin structure and nucleosome remodeling events contribute to inducible gene transcription. However, because of this diversity, the logical organization of the genome with respect to nucleosome remodeling and gene induction has remained(More)
The locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) is a chromosomal pathogenicity island that encodes the proteins involved in the formation of the attaching and effacing lesions by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC). The LEE comprises 41 open reading frames organized in five major operons, LEE1, LEE2, LEE3, tir (LEE5), and(More)
In pathogenic Vibrio cholerae, at least 17 genes are co-ordinately regulated by ToxR. Most of these genes, including those that encode cholera toxin (CT), toxin co-regulated pilus (TCP), accessory colonization factor (ACF) and OmpU, are positively regulated. OmpT is the only identified protein under negative regulation of ToxR. To understand the molecular(More)
In pathogenic Vibrio cholerae, the transmembrane DNA-binding protein ToxR co-ordinates the expression of over 20 genes, including those encoding important virulence factors such as cholera toxin and the toxin-co-regulated pilus. The outer membrane protein OmpT is the only member of the ToxR regulon known to be repressed by ToxR. In this study, we examined(More)
The AAA proteins, members of the larger AAA+ superfamily, are a family of enzymatic machines involved in diverse cellular functions ranging from DNA repair and replication to organelle biogenesis, membrane trafficking, transcriptional regulation, and protein quality control. AAA proteins were defined as ATPases associated with various cellular activities,(More)
Sepsis, an exaggerated systemic inflammatory response, remains a major medical challenge. Both hyperinflammation and immunosuppression are implicated as causes of morbidity and mortality. Dendritic cell (DC) loss has been observed in septic patients and in experimental sepsis models, but the role of DCs in sepsis, and the mechanisms and significance of DC(More)