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The aim of this study was to characterize the nonlinear anisotropic elastic behavior of healthy porcine coronary arteries under uniaxial and equibiaxial tension. Porcine coronary tissue was chosen for its availability and similarity to human arterial tissue. A biaxial test device previously used to test human femoral arterial tissue samples (Prendergast, P.(More)
The effectiveness of a cardiovascular stent depends on many factors, such as its ability to sustain the compression applied by the vessel wall, minimal longitudinal contraction when it is expanded, and its ability to flex when navigating tortuous blood vessels. The long-term reaction of the tissue to the stent is also device dependant; in particular some(More)
Intracoronary stent implantation is a mechanical procedure, the success of which depends to a large degree on the mechanical properties of each vessel component involved and the pressure applied to the balloon. Little is known about the influence of plaque composition on arterial overstretching and the subsequent injury to the vessel wall following(More)
Accurate characterisation of the mechanical properties of human atherosclerotic plaque is important for our understanding of the role of vascular mechanics in the development and treatment of atherosclerosis. The majority of previous studies investigating the mechanical properties of human plaque are based on tests of plaque tissue removed following(More)
Understanding the mechanical behaviour of arterial tissue is vital to the development and analysis of medical devices targeting diseased vessels. During angioplasty and stenting, stress softening and permanent deformation of the vessel wall occur during implantation of the device, however little data exists on the inelastic behaviour of cardiovascular(More)
Inelastic phenomena such as softening and unrecoverable inelastic strains induced by loading have been observed experimentally in soft tissues such as arteries. These phenomena need to be accounted for in constitutive models of arterial tissue so that computational models can accurately predict the outcomes of interventional procedures such as balloon(More)
Intravascular stents of various designs are currently in use to restore patency in atherosclerotic coronary arteries and it has been found that different stents have different in-stent restenosis rates. It has been hypothesized that the level of vascular injury caused to a vessel by a stent determines the level of restenosis. Computational studies may be(More)
Computational models of stent deployment in arteries have been widely used to shed light on various aspects of stent design and optimisation. In this context, modelling of balloon expandable stents has proved challenging due to the complex mechanics of balloon-stent interaction and the difficulties involved in creating folded balloon geometries. In this(More)
Many clinical studies, including the ISAR-STEREO trial, have identified stent strut thickness as an independent predictor of in-stent restenosis where thinner struts result in lower restenosis than thicker struts. The aim of this study was to more conclusively identify the mechanical stimulus for in-stent restenosis using results from such clinical trials(More)
The putative effects of changes in mean strain and cyclic strain amplitude on vascular smooth muscle cell (vSMC) growth (proliferation and apoptosis) were examined. Subsequently, a quantitative measure of vSMC growth was obtained to determine the prolonged effect of changes in mechanical burden following bare-metal stent (BMS) and sirolimus drug-eluting(More)