Caitlin Meredith

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The effect of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) on c-fos mRNA expression was studied in primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells and in neocortical neurons after 2 and 7 days in vitro (div). In cultured granule cells at 2 and 7 div, and in cortical neurons at 2 div, exposure to low levels (< or = 10 microM) of a variety of EAAs (viz. glutamate [Glu],(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) investigated reports of high mortality in young children in Zamfara State, Nigeria, leading to confirmation of villages with widespread acute severe lead poisoning. In a retrospective analysis, we aimed to determine venous blood lead level (VBLL) thresholds and risk factors for encephalopathy using MSF(More)
There is evidence that, following exposure to crystalline silica, the release of several proinflammatory cytokines contributes to the induction of unbalanced inflammatory reaction leading to lung fibrosis. We have examined the potential contribution of interleukin-10 (IL-10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, in the development of silicosis. In a mouse model(More)
Using primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells as an in vitro model system, it has been demonstrated that different profiles of temporal expression of the c-fos proto-oncogene are observed under non-excitotoxic and excitotoxic conditions. A ratio has been derived previously for the steady-state level of c-fos mRNA after 30 min and 240 min which(More)
An elevated, sustained expression of c-fos mRNA was found in primary cultures of mouse cerebellar granule cells following exposure to toxic concentrations of the excitatory amino acids, L-glutamate, L-homocysteate, S-sulpho-L-cysteine and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), using leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as an indicator of cytotoxicity. In contrast,(More)
The altered kinetics of steady-state c-fos mRNA production in cultured cerebellar granule cells under excitotoxic conditions was investigated in neurons subjected to depolarising stimuli, namely, high KCl and L-glutamate (Glu), in which Ca2+ influx occurs by differing routes. Increases in intracellular-free calcium levels ([Ca2+]i) stimulated by nontoxic or(More)
Exposure of mouse cerebellar granule cells to l-glutamate (Glu) at low non-excitotoxic concentrations results in a transient expression of the c-fos proto-oncogene. Higher excitotoxic concentrations of Glu result in a change in the temporal profile of c-fos expression to a delayed but sustained response. We have derived a ratio for the steady-state levels(More)
We have attempted to address the requirements necessary for alveolar macrophage accessory cell function. We have also examined the in vitro and in vivo factors that must be taken into account when interpreting results from experimental studies. Differences in phenotypic expression by rat alveolar pleural and peritoneal macrophages are noted, as well as the(More)
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