Caitlin M Hammond

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Weak immunogenicity of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells may contribute to disease progression and inhibit effective immunotherapy. Accordingly, agents that enhance the immunogenicity of CLL cells may be useful in immunotherapeutic approaches to this disease. Since Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are major regulators of innate immunity and initiation of(More)
PURPOSE Tumor-reactive T cells were measured in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) because vaccines that increase the activity of these cells might lead to better disease control. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Proliferation and ELISPOT assays (for T cells producing IFN-gamma after stimulation by CD40-activated CLL cells) were used to determine the(More)
The innate ability of B lymphoma cells to escape control by tumor-reactive T cells must be overcome to develop effective immunotherapies for these diseases. Because signals from both the innate and adaptive immune systems direct the acquisition of strong immunogenicity by professional APCs, the effects of IL-2 and the TLR-7 agonist, S28690, on the(More)
PURPOSE The therapeutic effectiveness of cancer vaccines, composed of tumor antigens that are also self-antigens, may be limited by the normal mechanisms that preserve immunological tolerance. Consistent with this notion, we found that vaccination of melanoma patients with recombinant viral vaccines expressing gp100 (a melanoma antigen also expressed by(More)
Based on their activity in patients with advanced stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), a phase I/II study was designed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of autologous vaccines made from oxidized tumor cells in patients with earlier stage CLL, and to determine an optimal schedule of injections. Eighteen patients (at risk for disease(More)
Calcium is a second messenger for many signaling pathways in B cells, but its role as a receptor ligand has not been well characterized. However, pulses of free calcium were found to cause the rapid release of internal calcium stores in normal human B cells. This response appeared to be mediated by a cell surface protein with receptor properties as it could(More)
Since the intrinsically poor immunogenicity of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells might be a key factor in allowing them to avoid immune control mechanisms, the development of methods to enhance CLL cell immunogenicity might lead to improved disease control. The ability of CLL cells to stimulate T cells was increased significantly by the protein(More)
Weak immunogenicity of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells may contribute to disease progression and inhibit the effectiveness of immunotherapies, such as vaccines. Agents that can enhance the antigen presenting capabilities of CLL cells might then help to improve the clinical results of immunotherapies. This study investigated the effects of the(More)
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