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Utilizing a rat model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), ethanol was administered over postnatal days (PD) 4 to 9. As adults, control and ethanol rats underwent trace fear conditioning (TFC), in which a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) and footshock unconditioned stimulus (US) were repeatedly paired, though the two stimuli never overlapped in time.(More)
Dopamine modulates cognitive functions through regulation of synaptic transmission and plasticity in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC). Thus, dopamine dysfunction in depression may be particularly relevant for the cognitive symptoms. The norepinephrine transporter inhibitor reboxetine facilitates memory processing in both healthy volunteers and in(More)
Infants (n = 35) with digestive symptom were investigated for diagnosis of cow's milk allergy (CMA). Milk atopy patch tests (APTs) were positive in 19 of 24 CMA versus 1 of 11 in non-CMA patients (P <.001). This sensitivity (79%) and specificity (91%) suggest that the APT could improve the detection of conditions related to CMA.
Using a one-compartment model, the pharmacokinetic disposition of furosemide was studied in eight premature and term neonates with fluid overload. Following a single intravenous injection of furosemide (1 to 1.5 mg/kg), multiple blood samples were obtained from a heelstick or an arterial catheter and analyzed for furosemide by gas liquid chromatography. The(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine is a modulatory neurotransmitter regulating neuronal activity. Antidepressant drugs target modulatory neurotransmitters, thus ultimately regulating glutamatergic transmission and plasticity. Histamine H3 receptor (H3R) antagonists have both pro-cognitive and antidepressant effects; however, the mechanism by which they modulate glutamate(More)
Novel (-)- and (+)-rhazinilam derivatives substituted on the D-ring (compounds 3, 4, 5 and 6) have been prepared from (+)-vincadifformine 7 and (-)-tabersonine and evaluated against the disassembly of microtubules into tubulin. Along with this study, a reproducible 'one pot' semisynthesis of (-)-rhazinilam 1 from (+)-1,2-didehydroaspidospermidine 2 was(More)
Growing evidence links adverse prenatal conditions to mood disorders. We investigated the long-term behavioral alterations induced by prenatal exposure to excess glucocorticoids (dexamethasone--DEX). At 12 months, but not earlier, DEX-exposed mice displayed depression-like behavior and impaired hippocampal neurogenesis, not reversible by the antidepressant(More)
BACKGROUND The psychotomimetic phencyclidine (PCP) produces behavioral symptoms similar to those observed in schizophrenia, accompanied by increased motor activity. The dopamine and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate-regulated phosphoprotein of 32kDa (DARPP-32) is enriched in the medium spiny neurons (MSNs) of the striatum and has been implicated in the(More)
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