Caitlin M. Briggs

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The paramyxovirus Simian Virus 5 (SV5) is a poor inducer of interferon (IFN) secretion in all cell types tested so far, including primary epithelial cells and primary human myeloid dendritic cells. SV5 is hypothesized to limit induction of antiviral responses through control of viral gene expression and production of the V protein antagonist. Plasmacytoid(More)
A vaccine against Chikungunya virus (ChikV), a reemerging pathogenic arbovirus, has been made by attenuating wild-type (WT) virus via truncation of the transmembrane domain (TMD) of E2 and selecting for host range (HR) mutants. Mice are a standard model system for ChikV disease and display the same symptoms of the disease seen in humans. Groups of mice were(More)
The immunogenicity and safety of three novel host-range vaccines containing deletions in the transmembrane domain of dengue virus serotype 2 (DV2) E glycoprotein were evaluated in African green monkeys. The shorter transmembrane domains are capable of functionally spanning an insect but not a mammalian cell membrane, resulting in production of viral mutants(More)
UNLABELLED The causative agent of dengue fever, dengue virus (DENV), is transmitted by mosquitoes, and as distribution of these insects has expanded, so has dengue-related disease. DENV is a member of the Flaviviridae family and has 4 distinct serotypes (DENV-1, -2, -3, and -4). No lasting cross protection is afforded to heterologous serotypes following(More)
Macrophages are an important cell type for regulation of immunity, and can play key roles in virus pathogenesis. Here we address the effect of infection of primary human macrophages with the related paramyxoviruses Parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5) and Mumps virus (MuV). Monocyte-derived macrophages infected with PIV5 or MuV showed very little cytopathic effect,(More)
Macrophages regulate immune responses during many viral infections, and can be a major determinant of pathogenesis, virus replication and immune response to infection. Here, we have addressed the question of the outcome of infection of primary human macrophages with parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV5) and a PIV5 mutant (P/V-CPI-) that is unable to counteract(More)
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