Caitlin D. Lemke

Learn More
Birth in all higher vertebrates is at the center of the critical window of development in which newborns transition from dependence on innate immunity to dependence on their own adaptive immunity, with passive maternal immunity bridging this transition. Therefore we have studied immunological development through fetal and early neonatal life. In swine, B(More)
Therapeutic strategies that involve the manipulation of the host’s immune system are gaining momentum in cancer research. Antigen-loaded nanocarriers are capable of being actively taken up by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and have shown promising potential in cancer immunotherapy by initiating a strong immunostimulatory cascade that results in potent(More)
The paradigm to explain antigen-dependent T cell receptor (TCR) signaling is based on the activation of the CD4 or CD8 coreceptor-associated kinase Lck. It is widely assumed that this paradigm is also applicable to signaling by bacterial superantigens. However, these bacterial toxins can activate human T cells lacking Lck, suggesting the existence of an(More)
Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes an extraordinary increase in the proportion of B cells resulting in lymphoid hyperplasia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and autoimmunity in neonatal piglets. Spectratypic analysis of B cells from neonatal isolator piglets show a non-Gaussian pattern with preferential expansion of clones bearing(More)
Amid growing evidence that numerous viral infections can produce immunopathology, including nonspecific polyclonal lymphocyte activation, the need to test the direct impact of an infecting virus on the immune system of the host is crucial. This can best be tested in the isolator piglet model in which maternal and other extrinsic influences can be excluded.(More)
T cell activation through the Ag receptor (TCR) requires sustained signaling from signalosomes within lipid raft microdomains in the plasma membrane. In a proteomic analysis of lipid rafts from human T cells, we identified stomatin-like protein (SLP)-2 as a candidate molecule involved in T cell activation through the Ag receptor. In this study, we show that(More)
In situ immunization is based on the concept that it is possible to break immune tolerance by inducing tumor cell death in situ in a manner that provides antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) with a wide selection of tumor antigens that can then be presented to the immune system and result in a therapeutic anticancer immune response. We(More)
Adenoviruses show promising potential as vectors for cancer vaccines, however, their high immunogenicity can be problematic when it comes to homologous prime-boost strategies. In the studies presented here we show that heterologous prime-boost vaccinations involving ovalbumin (OVA)-antigen-coated microparticles as a prime, and adenovirus encoding OVA(More)
Stomatin-like protein 2 (SLP-2) is a widely expressed mitochondrial inner membrane protein of unknown function. Here we show that human SLP-2 interacts with prohibitin-1 and -2 and binds to the mitochondrial membrane phospholipid cardiolipin. Upregulation of SLP-2 expression increases cardiolipin content and the formation of metabolically active(More)
We set out to develop a PSA peptide-loaded tetramer for enumeration of PSA-specific CD8(+) T cells in the Balb/c mouse model. A candidate major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I PSA peptide (HPQKVTKFML(188-197)) was selected on the basis of its ability to restimulate PSA-specific CD8(+) T cells to secrete interferon-γ in our assays. Next,(More)