Caitlin D. Lemke

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Amid growing evidence that numerous viral infections can produce immunopathology, including nonspecific polyclonal lymphocyte activation, the need to test the direct impact of an infecting virus on the immune system of the host is crucial. This can best be tested in the isolator piglet model in which maternal and other extrinsic influences can be excluded.(More)
Birth in all higher vertebrates is at the center of the critical window of development in which newborns transition from dependence on innate immunity to dependence on their own adaptive immunity, with passive maternal immunity bridging this transition. Therefore we have studied immunological development through fetal and early neonatal life. In swine, B(More)
In situ immunization is based on the concept that it is possible to break immune tolerance by inducing tumor cell death in situ in a manner that provides antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells (DCs) with a wide selection of tumor antigens that can then be presented to the immune system and result in a therapeutic anticancer immune response. We(More)
Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes an extraordinary increase in the proportion of B cells resulting in lymphoid hyperplasia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and autoimmunity in neonatal piglets. Spectratypic analysis of B cells from neonatal isolator piglets show a non-Gaussian pattern with preferential expansion of clones bearing(More)
T cell activation through the Ag receptor (TCR) requires sustained signaling from signalosomes within lipid raft microdomains in the plasma membrane. In a proteomic analysis of lipid rafts from human T cells, we identified stomatin-like protein (SLP)-2 as a candidate molecule involved in T cell activation through the Ag receptor. In this study, we show that(More)
Standard cancer therapies, particularly those involving chemotherapy, are in need of modifications that both reduce short-term and long-term side effects as well as improve the overall survival of cancer patients. Here we show that combining low-dose chemotherapy with a therapeutic vaccination using an adenovirus encoding a model tumor-associated antigen,(More)
We set out to develop a PSA peptide-loaded tetramer for enumeration of PSA-specific CD8(+) T cells in the Balb/c mouse model. A candidate major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I PSA peptide (HPQKVTKFML(188-197)) was selected on the basis of its ability to restimulate PSA-specific CD8(+) T cells to secrete interferon-γ in our assays. Next,(More)
In situ immunization aims at generating antitumor immune responses through manipulating the tumor microenvironment. On the basis of recent advances in the understanding of antitumor immunity, we designed a three-step approach to in situ immunization to lymphoma: (i) inducing immunogenic tumor cell death with the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin.(More)
D'mello, Sheetal Reginald. "Natural polymer based gene activated matrices for bone regeneration." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, ii To my family iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS When I came to the University of Iowa, I was quite apprehensive about the academic and cultural environment in a big school. And then gradually, I discovered the stimulating, supportive and(More)
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