Caitlin Crawford

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Do word frequency and case mixing affect different processing stages in visual word recognition? Some studies of online reading have suggested that word frequency affects an earlier, perceptual-encoding stage and that case mixing affects a later, central decision stage (e.g., Reingold, Yang, & Rayner, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated the use of distraction osteogenesis for alveolar ridge augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four dogs each had two superior and two inferior implants placed horizontally into an edentulous mandibular quadrant and, after integration, a distraction device was applied. An osteotomy was made to allow the ridge to be distracted(More)
Phosphatidyl inositol, phosphatidyl choline, phosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidyl serine, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidic acid and sphingomyelin were all found to be effective at reducing the Ca2+ requirement for m-calpain autolysis. In the absence of phospholipid, pig kidney m-calpain required 1.4 mM Ca2+ for 50% autolysis under the assay conditions(More)
The specific aim of this study was to determine the response of alveolar bone after it was augmented vertically using distraction osteogenesis and subsequently loaded with implant restorations. Four dogs each had four implants placed horizontally into an edentulous mandibular quadrant and, after integration, a distraction osteogenesis device was fabricated(More)
We hypothesized that the known heterogeneity of pancreatic β cells was due to subpopulations of β cells at different stages of their life cycle with different functional capacities and that further changes occur with metabolic stress and aging. We identified new markers of aging in β cells, including IGF1R. In β cells IGF1R expression correlated with age,(More)
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