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Lead-induced oxidative stress was generated in mice under lead exposure, and the antioxidant activity of chitosan (CS) and its water-soluble derivatives was compared in vivo. The results indicated that there was significant difference (P<0.05) for the biochemical variables of lead-treated groups. After lead exposure, the contents of reduced glutathione(More)
Chitooligomers have significant application to the development of functional foods. This paper evaluated systematically the safety of chitooligomers, which were prepared by enzymatic depolymerization of chitosan. The oral maximum tolerated dose of this chitooligomes was more than 10 g/kg body weight in mice. It had no mutagenicity judged by negative(More)
Water-soluble low-molecular-weight (LMW) chitosan was prepared from enzymatic hydrolysis with efficient hemicellulase. The hydrolysates were separated by ultrafiltration membranes. A separated fraction with Mw more than 5x10(3) and with a degree of deacetylation of 58% was water-soluble in the free amine form. The intraperitoneal injection of LMW chitosan(More)
The water-soluble quaternary ammonium salt of chitosan was synthesized by reaction of chitosan with glycidyl trimethylammonium chloride. It was characterized by Fourier transform infrared and carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectra. Its microbiostatic effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candid albicans were explored by microcalorimetry.(More)
We reported a reactive probe for HSO3(-), which showed a colorimetric and ratiometric fluorescence response to HSO3(-) with fast response (t1/2 = 20 s), good specificity and low detection limit (3.0 nM). The probe was cell membrane permeable and successfully used for visualizing trace SO2 derivatives in living cells.
In this study, we report a ratiometric fluorescent probe (CZBI) for sulfur dioxide (SO2) derivatives based on the conjugate of carbazole and benzo[e]indolium, which displays colorimetric and ratiometric fluorescence dual response to HSO3(-). The probe can quantitatively detect HSO3(-) with high specificity, fast response (within 40s) as well as low(More)
In this study, the complex pH and electro responsive system made of chitosan hydrogel with embedded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) was evaluated as a tunable drug release system. As a model drug, ibuprofen (IB) was used; its adsorption in MSNs was evidenced by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and(More)
Escherichia coli was selected as the sample to study the toxicity of arsenite in the presence of saccharides. The effect of glucosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, glucose, lactose, sucrose, glucosamine and cyclodextrin on the toxicity of arsenite against E. coli was investigated by microcalorimetry. The glucosamine and the tested chitooligomer decreased the(More)
The crude tea polysaccharides (CTPS) from Qingzhuan brick tea(QZBT) were extracted and fractionated to afford two fractions, namely TPS-1 and TPS-2. Analyses were conducted concerning the structural characterization and antioxidant activities of these samples. Component analysis revealed that the carbohydrate, uronic acid, protein and polyphenol contents of(More)
Two hydroxypropyl chitosan HPCS samples (HPCS1 Mw 1.6 × 10(5), HPCS2 Mw 3.5 × 10(4)) were prepared by the reaction of chitosan with propylene oxide under alkali conditions. The median lethal dose of the hydroxypropyl chitosan was greater than 10 g/kg for the laboratory mice. HPCS1 at the 0.1%, 1.0%, 1.5% and HPCS2 at the 1.0% level in diets were used to(More)