Caine Tuck Choy Leong

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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a common cancer in South-East Asia, especially among people of Chinese origin. In this report, we investigate the effects of quercetin on the growth of wild-type and mutant p53 nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines, HK1 and CNE2 respectively. The wild-type p53 HK1 was more susceptible to growth inhibition by quercetin than the(More)
In a search for potential ethanologens, waste compost was screened for ethanol-tolerant thermophilic microorganisms. Two thermophilic bacterial strains, M5EXG and M10EXG, with tolerance of 5 and 10% (v/v) ethanol, respectively, were isolated. Both isolates are facultative anaerobic, non-spore forming, non-motile, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative,(More)
We have previously reported the characterization of an estrogen-regulated rat uterine-ovarian-specific complementary DNA (UO-44). To understand the involvement of this protein in the initiation and progression of human ovarian and uterine cancers, we now report the cloning and characterization of the human ortholog (HuUO-44). HuUO-44 is mapped to chromosome(More)
Ovarian cancer is currently the second leading cause of gynecological malignancy and cisplatin or cisplatin-based regimens have been the standard of care for the treatment of advance epithelial ovarian cancers. However, the efficacy of cisplatin treatment is often limited by the development of drug resistance either through the inhibition of apoptotic genes(More)
We previously demonstrated the growth inhibitory property of OKL38 and its possible roles in mammary carcinogenesis. To further understand the regulation and roles of OKL38 in tumorigenesis we proceeded to clone and characterize the human OKL38 gene and three of its variants with transcripts of 1.9, 2.2, and 2.4 kb. The human OKL38 gene spans approximately(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. OKL38 is a pregnancy-induced growth inhibitory gene and its expression is lost in various breast cancer cell lines and kidney tumor. To determine the role of OKL38 expression in HCC, we investigated its expression in various HCC samples and liver cancer cell lines. Western blot(More)
We previously identified a novel pregnancy-induced growth inhibitory gene, OKL38. To develop a rat model for further characterization of OKL38's role in the initiation and progression of breast and ovarian cancer, we now report the cloning and characterization of three novel rat OKL38 cDNAs that are derived through alternative splicing and differential(More)
2-Chloroethyl-3-sarcosinamide-1-nitrosourea (SarCNU) has been used to treat patients with advanced solid tumours. However, the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. In the present study, we report that SarCNU inhibited proliferation of human HK-1 and CNE-2 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in vivo and in vitro. In vitro study showed that wild-type p53(More)
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