Cahir A. McDevitt

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Type VI collagen is composed of a short triple helix rich in RGD sequences with globular domains at each extremity of the helix. Disulfide-bonded tetramers of the monomeric molecule associate non-covalently to form networks of microfibrils in connective tissues, including cartilage. The disulfide-bonded tetramer can be extracted with 6 M guanidine HCl and(More)
The meniscus of the knee joint is a fibrocartilage mainly composed of type I collagen and smaller amounts of type II collagen. The distribution of type II collagen in the canine meniscus and its spatial relationship to type I collagen was examined by immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. Dorsal and coronal slices of the mid-section of medial and(More)
The extracellular matrices of connective tissues contain growth factors such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1. The possibility arises, therefore, that animal connective tissues that have been excised and rendered acellular in the sterilization, lyophilization, and other preparative processes for human use may still retain active growth factors that(More)
A comparative study of three subgroups of meniscal transplants was undertaken in the goat model: Group 1 (autograft) involved removal and immediate reimplantation of the meniscus; Group 2, fresh meniscal allografts; and Group 3, cryopreserved (30 days) meniscal allografts. Six months after surgery, tissues were evaluated for gross degenerative changes,(More)
The meniscus is characterized at the light microscopic and ultrastructural levels by thick collagen fibers that are predominantly circumferential in orientation. The extracellular matrix of the meniscus is composed mainly of collagen, with smaller quantities of proteoglycans, matrix glycoproteins, and elastin. The collagen is predominantly Type I, with(More)
The capacity of non-pepsinyzed type VI collagen to bind to hyaluronan was investigated. Type VI collagen was extracted from bovine meniscal cartilage with 6 M GuHCl and purified by extraction of PEG precipitates and dissociative Sephacryl S-500 HR chromatography. Type VI collagen, detected with a monoclonal antibody, bound in 0.5 M NaCl to hyaluronan-coated(More)
Biochemical changes in the articular cartilage of the knees of mature dogs, one with natural and four with surgically induced osteoarthritis, have been investigated. The four dogs were killed three, six, nine and forty-eight weeks after division of the right anterior cruciate ligament, the left knees serving as controls. The cartilage of the joints operated(More)
The cartilage which covers the articular surfaces of bones of vertebrate animals has two main functions: the limitation of stress applied to the bone extremities and the provision of the smooth surfaces necessary for the joint to function as an efficient bearing (Kempson, Spivey, Freeman, and Swanson, 1969). To meet these functional demands the cartilage(More)
Processes in the repair of a crevice in the knee joint meniscus were investigated in 10 dogs. Two 2-mm cylindrical plugs from each medial meniscus were removed, rendered acellular by freezing and thawing, and then reinserted into the meniscus. Dogs were euthanized at intervals of 3-52 weeks after surgery. The crevice between the plug and meniscus at 3 weeks(More)
The resident cells of the meniscus synthesize a fibrocartilaginous extracellular matrix in vivo composed predominantly of type I collagen fibers. To increase our understanding of matrix biosynthesis by meniscus cells in vitro, we examined matrix protein mRNA levels in cultured meniscus cells isolated from skeletally mature dogs. The mRNA levels of five(More)