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Using antibodies and recombinant DNA techniques, we have identified plakophilin 2, a novel desmosomal plaque protein of M(r) 100,000 (estimated from SDS-PAGE), which is a member of the arm-repeat family of proteins and can occur in two splice forms (2a and 2b) because of the insertion of a 44 amino acid (aa)-encoding exon. In its aa sequence (837 and 881(More)
In diverse mammalian species, including (man, cow and rat) the very flat endothelial cells of lymphatic vessels of various organs, including the retothelial meshwork of sinus of lymph nodes, are connected by zonula-like plaque-bearing junctions which differ from the similarly structured junctions of blood vessel endothelia by the presence of desmoplakin or(More)
Using a monoclonal antibody we have identified and cDNA-cloned a novel type of protein localized, by light and electron microscopy, to the plaque associated with the cytoplasmic face of the tight junction-containing zone (zonula occludens) of polar epithelial cells and of Sertoli cells of testis, but absent from the junctions of vascular endothelia. The(More)
Using immunofluorescence histochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy on sections through myocardiac tissues of diverse mammalian (human, cow, rat, mouse) and fish species we show that both desmosomal and fascia adhaerens proteins identified by gel electrophoresis and immunoblot occur in the area composita, the by far major type of plaque-bearing junctions(More)
The occurrence of extended tight junction (TJ) structures, including zonulae occludentes (ZO), and the spatial arrangement of TJ proteins in stratified mammalian epithelia has long been controversially discussed. Therefore, we have systematically examined the localization of TJ proteins in diverse stratified epithelial tissues (e.g., epidermis, heel pad,(More)
In the retina, special plaque-bearing adhering junctions are aligned to form a planar system (the "outer limiting zone," OLZ) of heterotypic connections between the photoreceptor cells and the surrounding glial cells ("Müller cells"), together with homotypic junctions. In the plaques of these junctions, which contain N-cadherin-and possibly also related(More)
Drebrin, an actin-binding 70-kDa protein with an unusually slow SDS-PAGE mobility corresponding to approximately 120 kDa, containing a proline-rich, profilin-binding motif, had originally been reported from neuronal cells, but recently has also been found in diverse other kinds of tissues and cell lines. In biochemical analyses of various cells and tissues,(More)
We describe two novel monoclonal antibodies specific for glial filament protein (GFP), i.e., GF12.23 and GF12.24 (both IgG2a]. These cross-react over a broad range of species with epitopes located in the alpha-helical rod domain typical of all intermediate filament (IF) proteins. These monoclonal antibodies were used, in conjunction with other monoclonal(More)
Merkel cells are difficult to identify in tissue sections. Previous studies have used cytokeratins (CK) 8, 18, and 19 as histologic markers of Merkel cells. However, these CKs are also expressed in some outer root sheath keratinocytes and some early fetal epidermal cells and thus are not truly specific of Merkel cells in general. Using selective antibodies(More)
Occludin and several proteins of the claudin family have been identiried in simple epithelia and in endothelia as major and structure-determining transmembrane proteins clustered in the barrier-forming tight junctions (TJ), where they are associated with a variety of TJ plaque proteins, including protein ZO-1. To examine whether TJ also occur in the(More)