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This study investigated psychological mechanisms underlying the effect of narrative health communication on behavioral intention. Specifically, the study examined how exemplification in news about successful smoking cessation affects recipients' narrative engagement, thereby changing their intention to quit smoking. Nationally representative samples of U.S.(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, are increasingly advertised as replacements for regular cigarettes or cessation aids for smokers. PURPOSE To describe the prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette awareness and perceived harmfulness among U.S. adults and analyze whether these variables are associated with smokers' past-year quit attempts(More)
OBJECTIVE To experimentally test whether presenting logically equivalent, but differently valenced effectiveness information (i.e. attribute framing) affects perceived effectiveness of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, vaccine-related intentions and policy opinions. METHODS A survey-based experiment (N=334) was fielded in August and September 2007(More)
INTRODUCTION There is ongoing debate over banning electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use (vaping) in public places. Many people perceive secondhand e-cigarette vapors (SHV) to be relatively harmless, which may affect their support for policies to restrict vaping in public places. Given that awareness of secondhand cigarette smoke risks predicts public(More)
BACKGROUND The US FDA and lay media are important sources of information for the public about the risks of adverse events associated with drugs, yet the quality of FDA and US lay media reports about medication 'black-box' warnings, which highlight potentially severe adverse events from medications, is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine and compare the(More)
OBJECTIVES E-cigarettes are frequently advertised and portrayed in the media as less harmful compared with regular cigarettes. Earlier surveys reported public perceptions of harms to people using e-cigarettes; however, public perceptions of harms from exposure to secondhand vapour (SHV) have not been studied. We examined associations between self-reported(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed public support for six e-cigarette regulations and examined whether self-reported exposure to e-cigarette information and contradictory e-cigarette information were associated with support. METHOD We conducted an online survey among a nationally representative sample of 527 U.S. adults in July 2014. Weighted, fully adjusted(More)
INTRODUCTION E-cigarette use is rapidly increasing, especially among youth and young adults. We need to learn what factors are associated with uptake in e-cigarettes. One important set of predictors is beliefs about e-cigarettes' potential harms and benefits. METHODS Online survey data were collected in July, 2014 from 527 U.S. adults from a nationally(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to e-cigarette communications (eg, advertisements, news and entertainment media, and interpersonal discussion) may influence support for smoke-free or vape-free policies. This study examined the sociodemographic correlates of self-reported exposure to e-cigarette communications and their relationships with support for restricting vaping(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine young adults' knowledge of e-cigarette constituents and regulation and its association with product use and self-reported exposure to marketing. METHODS Young adults (18-34 years, N = 1,247) from a U.S. web panel were surveyed in March 2014. Using multinomial logistic regressions, self-reported exposure to marketing was examined as a(More)