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PURPOSE Sleep apnea is common in myotonic dystrophy (MD) and may cause respiratory failure. Most of the sleep studies have been performed in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), which is a characteristic and strong predictor of sleep apnea. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of sleep apnea in adult MD patients who have no EDS. (More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea has been linked with metabolic syndrome characterized by dyslipidemia, dyscoagulation, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus type 2 and their cardiovascular consequences. This study was designed to determine the effects of 8 weeks of therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on insulin resistance, glucose, and(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex disease whose etiology is multifactorial and incompletely understood. This article focuses on upper airway anatomy evaluation and the standardization of different physical findings in patients with OSA and on the possible correlation of these physical findings with the severity of the disease. All patients(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) influences endothelial function and causes hypertension. OBJECTIVES Our aim was to evaluate the role of endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of hypertension in OSAS. METHODS Twenty-three patients with OSAS but without hypertension and 15 healthy normotensive subjects were investigated. The(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the effect and obtain a pressure value of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) under direct visualization using drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) and compare the pressure values with values obtained using conventional CPAP. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, double-blinded, cohort study. METHODS Sixteen patients with(More)
The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been reported at different frequencies in several studies. The aims of our study were to evaluate the frequency of OSA in ILD and to analyze the relationship between polysomnography (PSG) findings and pulmonary function, disease severity, parenchymal involvement, and(More)
Although the responsible mechanisms are not yet fully known, obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease and events. The aorta is not only a conduit delivering blood to the tissues but is also an important modulator of the entire cardiovascular system, its elastic properties also affecting left ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether multiple surgery is responsible for the high prevalence of latex hypersensitivity in patients with spinal dysraphism by comparing the results of a skin-prick test in three groups of patients with different surgical histories. PATIENTS AND METHODS An in vivo diagnostic kit was used to determine the sensitivity to latex(More)
PURPOSE The aims of the present study were to use polysomnographic analysis to confirm sleep bruxism (SB) and to evaluate clinical findings of dental implant treatment in SB patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study comprised the retrospective analysis of 368 patients with a total of 838 endosseous implants. Nineteen patients who experienced(More)
The pulmonary artery is the second most common site of arterial involvement in Behcet's disease. A 32-year-old man presented with bilateral ankle edema, abdominal discomfort, and hemoptysis. He had a history of recurrent oral and genital aphthous ulcerations for 1 year. The diagnosis of Behcet's disease was made on the basis of the criteria published by the(More)