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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the effect and obtain a pressure value of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) under direct visualization using drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) and compare the pressure values with values obtained using conventional CPAP. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, double-blinded, cohort study. METHODS Sixteen patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea has been linked with metabolic syndrome characterized by dyslipidemia, dyscoagulation, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus type 2 and their cardiovascular consequences. This study was designed to determine the effects of 8 weeks of therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on insulin resistance, glucose, and(More)
PURPOSE The aims of the present study were to use polysomnographic analysis to confirm sleep bruxism (SB) and to evaluate clinical findings of dental implant treatment in SB patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study comprised the retrospective analysis of 368 patients with a total of 838 endosseous implants. Nineteen patients who experienced(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex disease whose etiology is multifactorial and incompletely understood. This article focuses on upper airway anatomy evaluation and the standardization of different physical findings in patients with OSA and on the possible correlation of these physical findings with the severity of the disease. All patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) may have a significant negative effect on sexual function. AIM To evaluate female sexual function in women with OSAHS. METHODS Twenty-six patients with OSAHS were evaluated in two groups according to apnea-hypopnea index as mild (5-15, Group I, N = 16) or moderate-severe (>or=15, Group II, N(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) influences endothelial function and causes hypertension. OBJECTIVES Our aim was to evaluate the role of endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of hypertension in OSAS. METHODS Twenty-three patients with OSAS but without hypertension and 15 healthy normotensive subjects were investigated. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether multiple surgery is responsible for the high prevalence of latex hypersensitivity in patients with spinal dysraphism by comparing the results of a skin-prick test in three groups of patients with different surgical histories. PATIENTS AND METHODS An in vivo diagnostic kit was used to determine the sensitivity to latex(More)
Information regarding the safety of maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) or the mechanisms of exercise limitation in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients is fairly limited. In the present study, we addressed the problem of exercise capacity in moderate-to-severe OSA patients. Nineteen non-consecutive patients (three female, 16 male) with(More)
Infection, pulmonary embolism caused by mostly deep venous thrombosis (DVT), hypoxaemia and drugs, used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), related arrhythmia, aspiration are mostly responsible for acute exacerbations of COPD. The incidences of DVT and pulmonary embolus were investigated in 56 hospitalised cases with acute(More)
Screening for cardiac health should involve relevant parameters or indices that are easy and inexpensive to obtain. Various cardiac adaptation mechanisms develop during regular exercise that are affected by many factors, and these are reflected on a surface electrocardiogram. QT dispersion has been considered a surrogate for heterogeneity of repolarization,(More)