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Whole brain radiotherapy (RT) is frequently used to palliate symptoms in patients with brain metastases, but the palliative benefit to patients has not been well documented. We conducted a longitudinal observational prospective study of patients receiving standard RT (20 Gray (Gy)/5 fractions) for symptomatic brain metastases. End-points were observer(More)
AIM Physiological blood flow patterns are themselves poorly understood despite their impact on arterial disease. Stable spiral (helical) laminar flow (SLF) has been observed in normal subjects. The purpose of the present study is to develop a method of magnetic resonance (MR) flow pattern visualization and to analyze spiral and non-spiral flow patterns with(More)
Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) bearing surfaces in knee and hip prostheses are frequently manufactured by direct compression moulding of the as-polymerised powder. A study was made of the important role of the temperature-time sequence in the melt state during processing, in determining the mechanical integrity of mouldings at 37 degrees(More)
The difficulty of eradicating memory of powder-particle interfaces in UHMWPE for bearing surfaces for hip and knee replacements is well-known, and 'fusion defects' have been implicated frequently in joint failures. During processing the polymer is formed into solid directly from the reactor powder, under pressure and at temperatures above the melting point,(More)
Tendons primarily experience tensile loading along their fibre-aligned direction. They may at the same time also undergo compression and shear. Some of these complex loadings occur normally, as when a tendon wraps around a bone and is subjected to longitudinal tension and transverse compression. Other complex loadings are abnormal and may lead to rupture,(More)
In Part 2 of a study of welding of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), experiments were conducted to measure the interfacial fracture energy of butt welds, for various welding times and temperatures above the melting point. Their toughness was investigated at 37 degrees C in terms of their fracture energy, obtained by adapting the essential(More)
A study was made of the deformation of tendons when compressed transverse to the fiber-aligned axis. Bovine digital extensor tendons were compression tested between flat rigid plates. The methods included: in situ image-based measurement of tendon cross-sectional shapes, after preconditioning but immediately prior to testing; multiple constant-load(More)
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