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PURPOSE To determine the incidence of abstinence syndrome in children interned in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in fentanyl use and midazolam. METHODS Evaluation of 36 children interned in PICU of the Hospital São Paulo--Federal University of São Paulo, in the period from March to September 1997, with age varying from 5 days to 22 months (22(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective nonrandomized study is the critical assessment of conventional ultrafiltration (CUF) and modified ultrafiltration (MUF) techniques and their efficiency in congenital heart disease surgeries. Use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children is associated with body water retention as a consequence of prime volume and systemic(More)
Many surgical procedures for the implantation of anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery have been described. A dual coronary system offers most benefit and is most advantageous for the patient. Two autogenous flaps of the pulmonary trunk and ascending aorta, without mobilizing the coronary artery, were created for use in this procedure. This(More)
The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a pulmonary lesion of multifactorial cause in which the surfactant system is altered owing to inactivation and impairment of composition and metabolism. The use of exogenous pulmonary surfactant is a therapeutic option with the objective to maintain alveolar stability thus improving the pulmonary compliance(More)
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